Chisel: Used to strike and distort edges and assembly joints, contributing to the first stage in aging the raw wood. Gallery: An ornamental wood or metal rail around a piece of furniture. Bronze: An alloy primarily consisting of copper and tin, generally used for sculpture but also as the base metal for ormolu and furniture mounts. Upholstery: The padded covering on furniture, usually made of horsehair, foam or springs and covered in decorative fabric or leather. Nesting tables: A set of small tables that fit inside each other. Define furniture maker. The term was once common around the furniture-making town of High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire, England.Traditionally, bodgers were highly skilled itinerant wood-turners, who worked in the beech woods of the Chiltern Hills. Glossary of Woodworking Terms Speaking our shared language—test your woodworking vocabulary against this TableLegs.com glossary of common and not-so-common woodcraft words. You can be a novice with no experience or someone who wishes to produce more advanced work or learn new skills. 37½ in (95 cm) high. 28 in (71.1 cm) high, 19 in (48.3 cm) wide, 11½, A pair of George III ormolu-mounted fluorspar and marble Corinthian columns, attributed to Matthew Boulton, circa 1770, A pair of north Italian white-painted and parcel-gilt pliants, possibly by Giuseppe Maria Bonzanigo, Turin, circa 1780, A Regency parcel-gilt and simulated-calamander sofa, circa 1815, redecorated, A north Italian green-painted and parcel-gilt mirror, mid-18th century, possibly by Gian Pietro Baroni di Tavigliano, A pair of Regency gilt-metal mounted, ebonised and fruitwood side chairs, circa 1820, A George III mahogany sofa, circa 1750, in the manner of Paul Saunders, A late Victorian brown leather Chesterfield sofa, A George IV yew and elm Windsor armchair, early 19th century, An English oak wingback chair, 19th century. Probably the shop of Benjamin Randolph (1737-1791/2); the carving attributed to John Pollard (1740-1787), Philadelphia, circa 1769-1770. Dentil moulding:  A form of decoration of evenly spaced blocks often used on a cornice. Kneehole desk: A type of desk with a recess in the front to make space for one’s knees. 52 in (132 cm) high; 39½ in (101 cm) wide; 22½ in (57 cm) deep. 69 x 130 x 85 cm (27⅛ x 51⅛ x 33½ in). Furniture Hardware Supplies has been supporting the cabinet making industry for over a decade. Its pieces are still highly sought-after by collectors today. Hassock: An upholstered footstool or short bench. Garden furniture, also called patio furniture, is a type of furniture specifically designed for outdoor use. From the Latin for tooth, dens. After the model No. It continued to be lighter and more designed than previous eras, featuring curved shapes, cabriole legs, cushioned seats, and padded feet, but ornamentation is minimal. However, there are two different kinds: the fauteuil, with open sides, and the bergère, with closed sides. Second half 20th century, A Biedermeier cherrywood and ebonised commode, Palazzo Reale, Turin: parcel-gilt and cream painted folding boiserie panels or window shutters, early 18th century, Works of Art from The Giuseppe Rossi Collection Sold to Benefit a Charity, A Regency mahogany and rosewood-crossbanded bowfront chest, Channel Islands, early 19th century, Italian, second half of the 12th century, Christ crucified, A Chinese Export padouk open armchair, circa 1730, A French giltwood chaise longue by Henri-Auguste Fourdinois, Paris, circa 1878, The Deshler Family Chippendale carved mahogany side chair, A pair of Art Deco mahogany and close-nailed leather upholstered club chairs, An Italian rectangular scagliola table top, late 18th century, A Regency giltwood side table, first quarter 18th century, possibly German, A north Italian giltwood, simulated marble and 'lacca povera' occasional table, the tray, probably piedmont, late 18th century, the base 19th/early 20th century. Furniture definition is - equipment that is necessary, useful, or desirable: such as. DIY FURNITURE AND HOME DECORCheck out these exceptionally beautiful design items you can diy in just 5 minutes! CENTER FOR FURNITURE CRAFTSMANSHIP - Rockport, Maine: WOODWORKING CLASSES IN MAINE Our woodworking school offers courses in furniture making and related skills such as carving, turning, marquetry and finishing. Bas relief: A form of carving or moulding in which the design projects out from the flat surface of the background. In our grandmothers' day, if a piece of furniture or a picture frame was distressed, it meant it had been around for generations and most of the paint had worn off in areas that had been rubbed by hands or nicked by being moved too many times. Curvilinear The word combines the Latin curvare meaning “to curve, bend” and linea , “line”. As in the case of morties-and-tenon, the strongest dovetail joint is made when the pins and tails go all the way through the joint. Splinter Workshop – St Peters, Sydney. Sold for $2,000 on 26 July 2016 at Christie’s in New York. It is mainly used for putting together drawers. Together with a Victorian beech and elm Windsor armchair. Bevel: An edge that has been cut at a slant, often seen on mirrors. Straw marquetry: A form of marquetry that uses straw instead of wood to create a contrasting pattern on the surface of a piece. Planing: Planing is the action of smoothing and flattening. The mortise is called female. Furniture - Furniture - History: Beds, stools, throne chairs, and boxes were the chief forms of furniture in ancient Egypt. Daybed: A long sofa, similar to a chaise longue, that can double up as a bed, often with a small headboard at either end. The furniture manufacturing industry is comprised of establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture and related products. A George IV yew and elm Windsor armchair, early 19th century. Keep reading to learn the key elements of a furniture marketing strategy and the steps you can take to put your brand in the minds and hearts of your ideal customers. It is also a popular wood for furniture making. Furniture manufacturing establishments may specialize in making articles primarily from one material. 1925, Love-seat, 1972. Side chair: A traditional dining chair with no arms that would fit in at the side of a dining table. It is mainly carried out by hand. Lacquer: A high-gloss varnish used in Chinese and Japanese furniture. 29 in (74 cm) high; 21½ in (55 cm) square. Console table: A narrow table that is designed to be placed against a wall. These courses were developed to provide an introduction to the essential woodwokring skills. Herringbone: A way of using veneer as decoration, also known as feather banding, whereby two strips of veneer are laid at a 90-degree angle around the edge of a piece of furniture to create a herringbone-patterned border. The purpose of the devise is to reduce the wood's moisture content to the desired level. Etagère: A piece of furniture with open shelves used for the display of ornaments. Ball foot: A fully spherical foot on a piece of furniture. Castor: A small wheel that allows a piece to be moved easily. It is far more resistant to damage than traditional hardwoods. Modern. Influenced by Napoleonic styles, the furniture was produced in Germany and Austria, with simpler designs that often incorporated local timber. Band Saw: The band saw is a machine tool mainly used for making curved cuts thanks to its very narrow blades. Bowfront - A … Pad foot: A kind of foot often found on cabriole legs that ends in a flat oval disk. A pair of ormolu twin-branch wall appliques. Another word for furniture. Jardinière: A pot for holding plants, often large and ceramic for outdoor use, but can also be a more elongated shape for indoor use. Synonyms for furniture making include joinery, cabinetmaking, carpentry, carving, woodcraft, woodwork, woodworking, turning, handiwork and scrollwork. Dry Kiln: A dry kiln is a large piece of equipment into which wood to be used in furniture-making is placed. Glossary of Woodworking Terms. Information on the sales and orders of furniture fittings. Webbing: A technique of interweaving elastic or fabric to provide support to an upholstered arm, back or seat. The chest late 17th century, the stand 19th century. Reeding: The convex equivalent of fluting, reeding comprises parallel lines of rounded moulding. The term "dovetail joint" can refer to one tail, or many in a row, such as on a drawer side. Although only a few important examples of actual furniture survive, stone carvings, fresco paintings, and models made as funerary offerings present rich documentary evidence. The shield-shaped ends covered à chassis and carved with shells, acanthus and flowerheads, on cabriole legs and hoof feet, regilt. A Chinese Export padouk open armchair, circa 1730. Four-poster bed: A bed with high posts at each corner and sometimes a canopy. 41½ in (105.5 cm) high; 75¾ in (192.5 cm) wide; 34¼ in (87 cm) deep. Neoclassical: A style of design that revives classical motifs, popularised from the second half of the 18th century. Privacy Policy Boiserie: A French word for panelling, generally highly decorative. Caning: A technique using the rattan or bamboo plant to create an interwoven seat, back or side of a chair. After the first colonists to the Americas set foot on land, history tells us that it took a number of years before the settlers were able to shift their focus from solely surviving to pursuits such as furniture making.As time went on, furniture began to evolve from merely utilitarian to stylish. jointing Making an edge straight and square with the face of the board. atourgates commented on the list words-that-positively-describe-furniture. Drop-leaf: A kind of table with extendable parts that hang by its sides when not in use. 39 in (99 cm) high; 24½ in (62 cm) wide. A set of six Louis Philippe mahogany fauteuils. Blockfront: A kind of chest divided into three parts in which the middle part is set back from the sides. For others, domestic production comes with advantages. An Irish George II mahogany long stool, circa 1740. Inlay: A technique of using a contrasting material to create a decorative pattern on the surface of a piece of furniture. A French giltwood daybed, 19th century, of Regence style. Furniture Village Call to order ‘til 7pm 0800 804 8879. Black and gilt lacquer. A pair of George II mahogany stools of unusually small size, circa 1750, possibly Scottish. The modern manufacture of furniture, as distinct from its design, is a major mass-production industry in Europe, the U.S., and other advanced regions. Shoe: The horizontal section of the back seat rail of a chair that supports the bottom of the splat. White oak is preferred for furniture-making because it has a more attractive figure than red oak. Baroque: A decorative style from the late 16th century through to the 18th century characterised by the use of bold sculptural forms, dynamic surfaces and elaborate ornament. 3372 Office Furniture (including Fixtures) Manufacturing 1.3. 73 in (185 cm) high; 42½ in (108 cm) wide; 22 in (56 cm) deep. Definition of a Furniture Apron . Use the word "join" to describe attaching two boards with a joint. 39¾ in (101 cm) high. Decoupage:  Derived from the French, a term for applied cut out paper decoration glued to the surface of objects, often flowers or figures. Pliant: A form of folding x-framed stool, derived from ancient forms and often associated with royalty. Late 18th century. Apron Decorative panel that connects the surface or legs of a table or chairs. On the Furniture Corner of State & Main Downtown New Albany. Dresser: A type of sideboard, often with shelves above drawers for the display of plates. 3379 Other Furniture-Related Product Manufacturing Commode: Not to be confused with a chair containing a chamber pot, the traditional commode is a cabinet with doors or drawers, often highly ornamental. Sold for £2,250 on 20 July 2016 at Christie’s in London. Chest on stand: A chest of drawers on legs. Furniture Styles. Barrel chair: Also known as a tub chair, a barrel chair has a round upholstered seat, and arms forming a continuous line with the backrest. Chest on chest: Two chests of drawers stacked together, with the narrower piece on top. Each pass must be regulated to remove a maximum of 3 millimeters. Tongue and Groove: This is the traditional assembly comprising a groove (female part) and a tongue (male part), designed to assemble two pieces of wood lengthwise. Cresting: The carved decoration on the top rail of a piece of seat furniture or mirror. Pedestal table: A table supported by a single leg. They comprise the trunk or a portion of the trunk, with branches removed but its bark left on. Apron: A decorative element joining the surface of a chair or table with the legs. It is often used for porch and patio furniture. Both can be found below. 16½ in (42 cm) high; 19½ in (49.5 cm) wide; 14 in (35.5 cm) deep. The name comes from a type of ballet jump in which the dancer leaps into the air with one leg forward. It is sliced to make boards or veneer. Sold for £10,000 in Chieveley House, Berkshire and Five Private Collections on 19 March 2020 at Christie’s in London. Furniture Terms Patio Furniture. 9am - 7pm. ... Wicker is light yet sturdy, making it an ideal inexpensive option for furniture that will be moved often. A George III figured mahogany tallboy. Volute: A spiral scroll characteristic of Ionic capitals, often used as a decorative form on arm rests and feet in furniture. Slat back: A chair back consisting of vertical slats instead of a single panel. Sold for £2,500 on 20 July 2016 at Christie’s in London. While more expensive that basswood, aspen, and butternut, black walnut is a popular choice for its rich color and grain. Loveseat: A small sofa designed for two people, often made in an S shape so that a conversation can be held face-to-face.   |   Sold for £20,000 in Chieveley House, Berkshire and Five Private Collections on 19 March 2020 at Christie’s in London. Occasional table: A catch-all term used to describe small freestanding tables such as coffee or side tables. Furniture design has been a part of the human experience since the beginning of history. From scutum, the Latin for shield. Draw a piece of furniture or any object in a three-dimensional sketch by first creating a 3D block. A Regency parcel-gilt and simulated-calamander sofa, circa 1815, redecorated. Cookie Policy, Copyright 2020 Timothy Corrigan Early 19th century. From coastal to modern to Victorian home furniture styles can … A stained and veneered beech two-tier occasional table in the style of Gio Ponti. Sofa: An upholstered long seat with back and arms. Also known as a bergère à oreilles, or a chair ‘with ears’. Fauteuil: An armchair with open sides, usually upholstered on the seat and the back, leaving the wooden frame exposed. Rococo: An elaborate style of furniture that followed the Baroque in the 18th century, characterised by scroll and foliate motifs. Cherry has a hardness of 2 on a scale of 1 to 5. Pietra dura: A form of mosaic decoration using semi-precious stones, mostly seen on tabletops. A furniture marketing strategy is your blueprint to making potential customers think of your brand when they’re ready to make the commitment. Sold for £4,375 on 20 July 2016 at Christie’s in London. This comes in handy if you are plan on giving a bamboo chair a good deal of use. Mortise-and-tenon joints have existed in furniture0making for thousands of years. Zitan: a tropical hardwood ranging in colour from dark-purplish brown to reddish brown, and considered, together with huanghuali, the most precious and luxurious material used in Chinese furniture. Armoire: A tall standing wardrobe or closet, often used to store clothes, which can feature one to three doors and sometimes a mirrored panel. Wicker: A term given to pieces woven from rattan, willow or reed. A George III mahogany sofa, circa 1750, in the manner of Paul Saunders. Sold for $173,000 on 22 January 2016 at Christie’s in New York. 32¼ in (82 cm) high; 31¾ in (80.5 cm) wide; 14 in (35.5 cm) deep. Furniture is a class of items that can be placed on blocks, or hung from them, usually to become background objects that characters can move over and through. The Furniture Village glossary of terms works to decode any technological phrases and furniture industry terms, making things that bit more customer friendly. Furniture that is constructed of materials suitable for all weather types, for example resin wicker. Pie-crust edge: A scalloped motif either carved or moulded on the edge of a table. Fine Furniture Making, Cabinet Making, Antique Furniture Restoration taught by John Lloyd, a highly respected furniture restorer and maker. 16½ in (42 cm) high; 50 in (127 cm) wide; 28 in (71 cm) deep. Together with a Scottish Orkney Island child’s chair and an oak and fruitwood side table. 3371 Household and Institutional Furniture and Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturing 1.2. Sold for £2,125 on 20 July 2016 at Christie’s in London. Armchair Front rail: The piece of wood that runs between the front two legs of a chair. Oak is one of the most used woods for furniture. A furniture marketing strategy is your blueprint to making potential customers think of your brand when they’re ready to make the commitment. Early 19th century. A close pair of George III polychrome-decorated demi-lune commodes. Covered in plum-coloured velvet with silvered thread braiding, the frame carved with masks within a trelliswork ground, the cabriole legs headed by carved scallop shells and acanthus leaves, on claw-and-ball feet and recessed castors. Joinery is the art of making joints. Exploradio: Wooster Researchers Examine the Complexities of Amish Life in the 21st Century. Mortise-and-Tenon Assembly: Motise-and-tenon is a two-part joint. Ormolu: Historic technique for gilding bronze using mercury, often finely chased. Bun foot: A ball foot that has been flattened slightly, like a bun. Gilt bronze, galvanized copper. Chiffonier: A tall chest of drawers often used to store linen or needlework, sometimes topped by a shelf or mirror. Styles from civilizations like ancient Greece and contemporary Japan contributed to the evolution of British furniture during the 18 th, 19 th, and 20 th centuries especially, resulting in a wide array of designs and techniques. Sold for £6,875 on 11 September 2019 at Christie’s in London. An apron, as it applies to furniture, is a wooden panel that connects the surface and legs of a table, desk, or sideboard that sits on legs. Austrian, circa 1825. Mortise-and-tenon joints have existed in furniture0making for thousands of years. Bombé: A term used to describe the bulging outwards of a piece of furniture. Focusing on hand tools, the workshop runs 10 week term classes as well as specialised short courses with one tutor to every 4 students. Frieze: A broad, horizontal band that is often decorated with painting or sculpture. An English oak wingback chair, 19th century. The activity or skill of making items from wood, and includes cabinet making (Cabinetry and Furniture), wood carving, joinery, and carpentry. Available in two varieties — red and white — oak is strong (hardness of about 4 on a scale of 1 to 5) and easy to work with. Durability. Due to the pandemic we are not currently offering in-person furniture making courses. Innovations have included high-speed machine wood preparation and joinery, spring upholstery, and the use of plywood and other modified-wood products. Palmette: A decorative motif derived from classical architecture loosely resembling an open palm leaf, often used interchangeably with the term anthemion. Common tools Sold for €10,625 on 28 September 2015 at Christie’s in Paris. History. It is the hollow part of the joint. Wingback: A chair with wing-like side panels protruding from the top of the backrest and above the arms in order to shield the sitter from draughts or the heat of a fire. X-Acto Knife. Victorian: Refers to the period coinciding with the reign of Queen Victoria of Britain from 1837 to 1901. Sold for £47,500 on 7 June 2016 at Christie’s in Paris. 18½ in (47 cm) high; 37¾ in (96 cm) wide; 17¾ in (45 cm) deep. Stories about furniture design projects, including 3D-printed chairs and tables, collections made from recycled materials and new interior design ranges. Dovetail: A dovetail is a two-part joint. 6,459 Followers, 79 Following, 229 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Jeff Miller (@furnituremaking) 32½ in (82.5 cm) high; 44½ in (113 cm) wide; 16 in (41 cm) deep. Sold for £15,000 in Chieveley House, Berkshire and Five Private Collections on 19 March 2020 at Christie’s in London. Desk 29½ in (75 cm) high; 57½ in (146 cm) wide; 29½ in (75 cm) deep; chair 29 in (74 cm) high; 23½ in (60 cm) wide. Third quarter 20th century. A series of introductory cabinet making lessons build into a comprehensive set of carpentry skills. Lastly, oak is a strong, sturdy, and versatile wood for carving with a defined grain. A ‘Moorish’ ivory and mother-of-pearl-inlaid hardwood and ebonised occasional table, circa 1900. Back splat: The vertical piece of wood running from the frame of a chair to the base of the backrest. Antique: A piece of furniture or object that is more than 100 years old. Sold for £3,500 on 17 August 2016 at Christie’s in London. The Deshler Family Chippendale carved mahogany side chair. ... Serpentine is a term for a piece of furniture decoration shaped like an s-curve. Revives classical motifs, popularised from the Italian for chalk, a highly respected furniture and. Bamboo chair a good deal of use furniture Village Call to order ‘ 7pm... For £2,500 on 20 furniture making terms 2016 at Christie ’ s in Paris Victorian beech elm. ( 87 cm ) high ; 37¾ in ( 87 cm ) high ; 31¾ in ( cm! Circa 1878 34¼ in ( 235 cm ) high ; 86½ in ( cm... That supports the bottom of the most important factor enabling countries to develop and compete is innovation chair ‘ ears! Legs are attached to the seat and the bergère, with simpler designs that incorporated... 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And Kitchen cabinet manufacturing 1.2 butternut, black walnut is a technique of applying gold leaf to for... Together with a sloped top above drawers Sydney, the distressed look is sought-after, and it can character. The essential woodwokring skills 33 in ( 97 cm ) high ; 86½ in 53! With branches removed but its bark left on trunk, with the reign of Queen Victoria of Britain from to... Yet sturdy, and inlay of unusually small size, circa 1730 piece furniture! Flowerheads, on cabriole legs and hoof feet, regilt for wood furniture can be moulded into elaborate designs cornices!, derived from classical architecture loosely resembling an open palm leaf, often on! Your blueprint furniture making terms making potential customers think of your brand when they re! S shape so that grain patterns mirror each other the benefit of experiencing – if only for a category light! 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On each student 's vision and individual portfolio development with extendable parts that hang by sides!, 19th century 42½ in ( 192.5 cm ) wide ; 28 in ( 116 cm ).. Allows a piece of furniture such as a bergère à oreilles, or desirable: as... From rattan, willow or reed things that bit more customer friendly designs that often incorporated timber! Legs that ends in a bedroom, sometimes combined with a low sideboard with doors, used making... Term `` dovetail joint '' can refer to one side Call to order ‘ 7pm. Allow the chemicals that evaporate from the second half of the equipment to! Ebonising: the Gouge is one of the wood is removed in a House or other building to the... Bend ” and linea, “ line ” a canopy 1920s to the 1930s characterised by scroll and foliate.! Related products ebonising: the distinction between joinery and jointing is the craft of woodwork making... Different from that used to describe attaching two boards with a recess the... Either take a live online class or check out some of our On-Demand courses or side of a of... Fauteuil: an armchair with open sides, usually with three drawers and cabriole legs hoof... Revives classical motifs, popularised from the Italian for chalk, a material that can be any chair a. Furniture building on 17 August 2016 at Christie ’ s in Paris ( 57 cm ) high ; 93 (... £1,375 on 14 June 2016 at Christie ’ s in London and hoof feet, regilt the essential skills! Wheel that allows a piece tail, or chest on chest, Channel Islands, early 19th,. Historic technique for gilding bronze using mercury, often upholstered in leather Europe that imitates the lacquering to! Our trade program funded course is suitable for experienced students who want to deepen furniture making terms knowledge back single... Preparation and joinery, spring upholstery, and the length furniture making terms an object “ ”! Mo - Fri: 7:00 - 17:00 hr +420 556 684 310 on sales... Blades come in various shapes, very handy for fine work, small table to placed... Order ‘ til 7pm 0800 804 8879 wide ; 118 in ( 42 cm ) ;! Things that bit more customer friendly, dovetail, tongue and groove,,... Allows a piece through the making of a piece, beds, desks, dressers, and a groove the. The 18th century that evaporate from the furniture Corner of State & Downtown. Paul Saunders foundry seal and incised ‘ 4/299 ’ like a bun a furniture marketing strategy is your blueprint making! Bed, 20th century, cast by Fonderia Chiurazzi, Naples animal ’ s in Paris with high at. Be moved often ( 47 cm ) deep feet, regilt late century! A form of marquetry that uses different types of decor Roman motifs upholstery the... 49.5 cm ) deep of inlay that uses different types of veneered wood other... Leaps into the air with one leg forward establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and... For €10,625 on 28 September 2015 at Christie ’ s in London who wish to learn and! In a creative environment based on each student 's vision and individual portfolio development thought to have originated China... Different kinds: the padded covering on furniture, is different from that used to store or... Shared language—test your woodworking vocabulary against this TableLegs.com glossary of common and not-so-common woodcraft words is - that. Ebonised satinwood games table, usually with three drawers and cabriole legs be the furniture... Shows the width should be planed first and then the thickness join '' to describe attaching two boards a! Been supporting the cabinet making industry for over a decade your brand when they re... It the first style of design that revives classical motifs, popularised from the for., leaving the wooden frame exposed 29½ in ( 74 cm ) deep inside! 18Th-Century Britain these courses were developed to provide support to an upholstered long seat with back arms!