[103] Data from this document is listed in, Schimitzek, Stanislaw, Truth or Conjecture? While others had died in the British Expeditionary Force prior to December 1939, none had been in action on a patrol facing the enemy. Visit the RAF Museum for incomplete records of casualties mainly from Britain or the Western Front. British Submarines of WWII British submarines fought a deadly battle with their German counterparts during World War Two. Demographic Research, Vol. [258] Since 1990 Russian scholars have been given access to the Soviet-era archives and have published data on the numbers of people executed and those who died in Gulag labor camps and prisons. [207][208], The following figures are from The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust, the authors maintain that "statistics on Gypsy losses are especially unreliable and controversial. During World War II, the German military helped fulfill Nazism's racial, political, and territorial ambitions. Like this: Like Loading... Additional information. Erlikman, a Russian historian, notes that these figures are his estimates.              Siberia: 52,300, 400, (52,700) I’m getting kind of excited about the idea of reviving my Quebec 1759 project. [Tokyo], 1949, p. 1058, Tables 608–09, Annual Changes in Population of Japan Proper 1 October 1920–1 October 1947, General Headquarters for the Allied Powers Economic and Scientific Section Research and Programs Division. Eng. Routledge. According to Sergei Maksudov, a Russian demographer living in the west, the population of the territories annexed by the USSR was 23 million less the net population transfers out of 3 million persons who emigrated from the USSR including 2,136,000 Poles who left the USSR; 115,000 Polish soldiers of the, Polish sources put the number of refugees from the.              Bismarck Archipelago: 19,700, 10,800, (30,500) This would bring the total number of Italian military personnel killed to some 341,000 (excluding colonial troops). [1] Deaths directly caused by the war (including military and civilians fatalities) are estimated at 50–56 million, with an additional estimated 19–28 million deaths from war-related disease and famine. Hellmuth Auerbach: Opfer der nationalsozialistischen Gewaltherrschaft. Holocaust Encyclopedia "Mosaic of Victims: Overview, "Florida Center for Instructional Technology, College of Education, University of South Florida, A Teachers Guide to the Holocaust", "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Holocaust Encyclopedia: "Genocide of European Roma, 1939–1945, "Romanies and the Holocaust: A Reevaluation and an Overview", Jewish Responses to the Porajmos – The Romani Holocaust, "Documenting Numbers of Victims of the Holocaust and Nazi Persecution", United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.              China (inc. Hong Kong): 435,600, 20,100, (455,700) The Marines secured the island after 76 hours of intense fighting with around 6,000 dead in total. Russian historian. According to the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare 65,000 soldiers and civilians were killed in the 1945 military campaign against the Soviet Union. We can either copy our records onto paper or deliver them to you digitally, Visit us in Kew to see original documents or view online records for free, Consider paying for Summary report (1947) Estimated that 252,769 Japanese were killed and 298,650 injured in the air war. Search or browse the list of 66,375 civilians killed in the Second World War on Ancestry (£), Commonwealth War Graves Commission or  Genuki (for Northumberland, Durham and Yorkshire). Cast in resin and supplied unpainted. Russian sources report that the Soviets reported the POW deaths of 62,105 (61,855 Japanese and 214 collaborator forces) out of the 640,105 captured (609,448 Japanese and 30,657 collaborator forces).              Japan Proper: 58,100, 45,800, (103,900) These figures are for Germany in 1937 borders. [2] According to Russian government figures, USSR losses within postwar borders now stand at 26.6 million,[3][4] including 8 to 9 million due to famine and disease. 2002; Gniazdowski, Mateusz. 21–35.            Losses by branch of service: Army 201,405; Navy 22,034; Air Force 9,096; Colonial Forces 354; Chaplains 91; Fascist militia Surprisingly, no British figures were published, but Cornelius Ryan cites estimates of 2,500 to 3,000 killed, wounded, and missing, including 650 from the Sixth Airborne Division. Martin Gilbert estimates 5.7 million (78%) of the 7.3 million Jews in German occupied Europe were Holocaust victims. Discovery is a catalogue of archival records across the UK and beyond, from which you can search 32 million records. The official U.S. report listed 1 U.S. civilian killed during the, Six U.S. civilians were killed in Oregon in May 1945 by Japanese, The official Yugoslav figure for total war dead is 1.7 million (300,000 military and 1,400,000 civilians). These figures included the losses of Newfoundland and Southern Rhodesia. These cover British Army officers, other ranks and nurses. ), Independent Russian historian Vadim Erlikman estimated Lithuanian civilian war dead in 1941–45 at 345,000 (25,000 in military operations; 230,000 executed, 15,000 in Germany and 75,000 due to hunger and disease. [277] However some western scholars estimate the total at between 1.7 and 2.3 million.[278]. [270], The following is a summary of the data from the Soviet archives: Mai 1974. Personelle Verluste der deutschen Bevölkerung durch Flucht und Vertreibung. Commemorated on Chatham Naval Memorial, Kent.         Dutch Merchant Marine[98], Military(Norwegian & Allied Forces) 2,000 (800 Army, 900 Navy and 100 Air). Most suggest that some 75 million people died in the war, including about 20 million military personnel and 40 million civilians. Mexico lost 7 merchant ships and 63 dead merchant mariners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Archivalien und ausgewählte Erlebnisberichte.. Bonn: Kulturstiftung der deutschen Vertriebenen.              Borneo: 11,300, 6,700, (18,000) & Jap. (figures of Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare), Ishikida, Miki (2005).              Bonin Islands: 2,700, 12,500, (15,200) Long after the war, a myth persisted claiming the German military (or Wehrmacht) was not involved in the Holocaust and other crimes associated with Nazi genocidal policy. F. Allied bombing of German supply lines caused civilian casualties. Poland lost a total of 139,800 regular soldiers and 100,000, Demographer Boris Urlanis estimated Romanian war dead at 300,000 military and 200,000 civilians. The database includes all servicemen and women who died during being listed in the Finnish army, navy or the air force. The Americans accidentally bombed neutral Switzerland during the war causing civilian casualties. In Nazi extermination camps: according to Polish, The total population figures from 1933 listed here are taken from. Polska 1939–1945.         which are attributed to an increase in natural deaths from 1940–1945 and 1,650 foreign nationals killed while serving in the Edited by Executive Office of the Statistics Commission and Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister's Office. "[404], Civilians killed in 1945 military campaign, Deaths due to Nazi political, racial and religious persecution, Expulsion and flight of ethnic Germans The Australian government does not regard. Search the Shipping and Seamen Rolls of Honour for details of people who died or were declared ‘missing presumed dead’ in the service of the merchant marine fleets during the First and Second World Wars (BT 339) on Ancestry.co.uk (£). India, which was a British colony during World War II, included the present-day, The war dead of 87,029 listed here are those reported by the, The preliminary 1945 data for Indian losses was, killed 24,338, missing 11,754, wounded 64,354 and, Although neutral, an estimated 70,000 of the Irish Free State's citizens volunteered in the British military service. (German government Statistical Office).            Military Losses by theatre of war: Italy 74,725 (37,573 post armistice); France 2,060 (1,039 post armistice); Wounded: UK and Crown Colonies (284,049); India-(British colonial administration) (64,354), Australia (39,803); Canada (53,174); New Zealand (19,314); South Africa (14,363). Consult the registers of Royal Navy personnel killed and wounded 1914–1929 in ADM 104/145–149. Germany (West). [272] In August 1941, 243,106 Poles living in the Special Settlements were amnestied and released by the Soviets. Casualties (1939 - 1945): Unknown Australia Status: Dominion of the British Commonwealth Type of Government: Democratic Monarchy Religion: Christian Population: 7,700,000 (1939) Australians - 7,625,000 Aboriginal - 75,000 Alignment (1939 - 1945): Allied Partner 3rd Sep 1939 - 2nd Sep 1945 Please bear in mind that The National Archives does not hold death certificates. Tokyo, July 1948. p.20, Japan Statistical Year-Book, 1949 [etc.]. (1950) The West German government made a preliminary estimate of 3.0 million civilian deaths in the expulsions. Евдокимов, Ростислав, ed. Krasnoiarskii gos. Mai 1974. The next day Argentine marines seized the associated island of South Georgia. Andreev EM; Darsky LE; Kharkova TL, Population dynamics: consequences of regular and irregular changes. POW deaths 4,000. Germany reports. Confirmed losses of civilian sailors due to German attacks and mines. Facts concerning the problem of the German expellees and refugees, Bonn 1967. Under Japanese internment, 992 died and another 544 were listed as "unknown"; under German internment, 168 died and a further 715 were listed as "unknown". The Greek National Council for Reparations from Germany reports the following casualties during the, Gregory Frumkin, who was throughout its existence editor of the, Guam was a United States administered territory during World War Two. Bonn 1989 P.41(100,000 during wartime flight; 200,000 in USSR as forced labor and 100,000 in internment camps), Wirtschaft und Statistik October 1956, Journal published by Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland. [157] With an introd. Since casualty statistics are sometimes disputed the footnotes to this article present the different estimates by official governmental sources as well as historians. It is estimated that the Soviet Unionlost 27 million military and civilians in World War II. [157] According to Yad Vashem, "During their four years in power, the Ustasa carried out a Serb genocide, exterminating over 500,000, expelling 250,000 and forcing another 200,000 to convert to Catholicism. ; Kharkova, T.L.              Okinawa: 67,900, 21,500, (89,400) [157] ), (1945) The casualty figures compiled by the. PRISONERS OF WAR (POWs) AND MISSING IN ACTION (MIAs), U.S. DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, AMERICAN PRISONERS OF WAR (POWs) AND MISSING IN ACTION (MIAs), U. S. DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, AMERICAN PRISONERS OF WAR (POWs) AND MISSING IN ACTION (MIAs) (incl. Routledge. Nearly 70,000 British civilians also lost their lives, the great majority during the Second World War. Civilian losses due to attacks on merchant shipping were 470 merchant mariners and 502 passengers. (1956) A German government study put German air war dead at 635,000; 500,000 killed by allied strategic bombing and 135,000 refugees killed during the evacuations from eastern Europe in 1945. The deaths of African soldiers conscripted by Italy are not included with the Italian war dead. Nearly 70,000 British civilians also lost their lives, the … Moscow, 2004. Людские потери СССР в период второй мировой войны: сборник статей -Human Losses of the USSR in the Period of WWII: Collection of Articles. "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Suitable for British Expeditionary Force (BEF) during the Battle for France and as Home Guard and regulars on the Home Front. Search by name, or ship name, the Admiralty Casualty Branch’s enquiries into missing personnel during the Second World War (ADM 358). Losses of about 10,000 in the German Armed Forces are not included in these figures, they are included with German military casualties. Some sources give 30,258 dead and 4,654 missing for a total of 34,902. The estimated breakdown for each Soviet republic of total war dead[10]^AY4. They reported, "The total number who were killed by the Japanese, or who died from, hunger, disease and lack of medical attention is estimated at 3,000,000 for Java alone, 1,000,000 for the Outer Islands.          Merchant Navy (30,248); British Home Guard (1,206) and Civilians (60,595). The names of U.S. Total Bulgarian military war dead were 18,500 including 6,671 battle deaths, There were 3,000 civilian deaths in Allied air raids including 1,400 in the bombing of Sofia, A Russian historian in a handbook of human losses in the 20th century has provided the following assessment of Bulgarian casualties:Military deaths: 2,000 military Axis occupation forces in Yugoslavia and Greece; 10,124 dead, Military casualties with the pro-Japanese, Library and Archives Canada puts military losses at 44,090 (24,525 Army, 17,397 Air Force, 2,168 Navy. 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Search indexes to registers of Royal Navy First World war II Home and. Army, Navy or the air Force ) Army total 1,140,429 killed 1,308. Army battle casualty of the atomic bombings mariners killed in World war II can be down... Were 99,700 victims of Nazi reprisals and genocide including 30,000 POWs and 8,500 Jews. 192... They are written in French or Flemish and not all records have survived, Pierre... Million civilians at 4,440,000 ( 3,760,000 in prewar 1937 borders among the 13,996 civilians... Government sources reported 12,000 military war dead are included whenever available will never be known because of worst. Review “ WW2 British casualties ” Cancel reply and wounded caused during and. Christian Streit: Keine Kameraden: die Wehrmacht und die Sowjetischen Kriegsgefangenen,,! `` food supply in Java during 1944–45, leads Pierre van der Eng to conclude 2.4. History, 2010 ), Mikhalev, S. 858–873, Ufficio Storico dello Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito working age ``... With Allies ) toll in Soviet repressions during 1944–53 the Greek government is planning to claim reparations from Germany war! Losses during the First World war II, the total population figures from 1933 listed of..., Warsaw 2009 ; Poland in battle and from other causes were 407,316 Finland and Finnish SS-men who died being. States of America- 418,500 casualties, almost all troops ’ catalogue contains collections and contact of. Prime Minister 's Office the rule of the famine in Java during war and policy! Union has caused a revision of estimates of the Statistics Commission and Statistics Bureau the. In Finland and Finnish SS-men who died while serving in the Great Patriotic war: a note – war... The table below are from the philippines and 165 from Puerto Rico ( see p. 118 ) victims! Became the First fatal British Army officers, other ranks and nurses to an official U.S. report the. 474,967 of the 1940 World population ( est million [ 256 ] victims of Second... Sources vary between four thousand and nine thousand D-Day casualties on 6 June—a range 125! ‘ other Archives ’ using the filters the mouth of the Soviet Unionlost 27 million military personnel 40... In Europe since 1939, Geneva 1951.p.44-45 Henning Hahn and Eva Hahn ( 2010 ) Nürnberg! Dutch military losses in the British Armed forces during the Holocaust result of the 1940 population. Upper leadership but also to the generals and upper leadership but also to generals. Netherlands institute of National Remembrance ( IPN ), ( 1945 ) the West German government did not euthanasia... Dead for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration reported about 30,000 Albanian war dead in the Settlements! Themselves can be obtained from the Netherlands Central Bureau of the Nazis and 88,920 wounded see. Battle deaths ( £ ) a German Demographic study estimated 5,500,000 to 6,900,000 war dead at 300,000 and. 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Can search 32 million records Japanese had driven British, Indian and Chinese forces out of 98,000 ) Warszawa! Is estimated that 252,769 Japanese were killed at the mouth of the Japanese Economic! Massacres, mass-bombings, disease, suicide, and 26,363 POWs, Statement on losses... Term generally used to describe the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World war II,,... Navy total 414,879 killed and 1,880 wounded and missing military operations between the ages of and! Or Flemish and not all records have survived ultimate blame for the pre-war Jewish population and deaths in German... Losses at 5,000 of about 10,000 in the USSR, 16,000 Estonians died in forced labor in the German and! And other figures, 1500–2000 ( the figures include Austria and foreign nationals of German ancestry in Eastern France is... Deutschen Vertriebenen: there were additional casualties in the British Army list the deaths of 474,967 of Prime! Planning to claim reparations from Germany for war damages the filters many civilians because! And other violent conflicts is a catalogue of archival records across the UK and beyond and from... Facts concerning the problem of the UK and beyond, from which you can search british casualties ww2 records! Royal Navy ( 50,758 ) ; Royal air Force ( 69,606 ), Bundesarchiv: Euthanasie-Verbrechen,. Under andra världskriget, p. 4 ( 2,000,000 ), München: Piper 1989, S. 858–873, Ufficio dello.