Instead, "double liability" refers to the possibility that manufacturers who are liable to certain DES daughters under traditional tort principles, and who are also liable to other DES daughters under market share liability, may incur more than their market share of liability in cases arising from DES. at 35, 560 N.E.2d at 337.) Parties, docket activity and news coverage of federal case Smith v. Eli Lilly and Company et al, case number 1:17-cv-05734, from Illinois Northern Court. The fact that causation in fact has been around a long time similarly fails to address the question. Eli Lilly Sweden AB minskade sin omsättning med -3,17% senaste räkenskapsåret. 132, 144; Martin v. Abbott Laboratories (1984), 102 Wash. 2d 581, 584, 689 P.2d 368, 381; Collins v. Eli Lilly Co. (1984), 116 Wis. 2d 166, 191, 342 N.W.2d 37, 45.) 830-109. However, where manufacturers can escape liability because it is impossible for a plaintiff to prove causation in fact, traditional tort laws do not provide any incentive to produce safe drugs. The majority notes that "[t]he courts which have adopted market share liability have done so while ruling on pretrial *352 motions and have not had the benefit of first having heard evidence on the availability of market share data." 2d 80, 199 P.2d 1, the theory of alternative liability was recognized in an action where the plaintiff was injured when two hunters negligently shot in his direction, but the plaintiff could not ascertain which hunter's bullet injured him. Enright v. Eli Lilly & Co. COA NY - 1991 Facts: P's grandmother ingested DES as a miscarriage preventative that resulted in the birth of P's mother. These exceptions to the rule have allowed a plaintiff to shift to a defendant or a group of defendants the burden of proof on the causation issue. Perry L. Fuller, of Hinshaw, Culbertson, Moelmann, Hoban & Fuller, Chicago, for appellant William H. Rorer, Inc. Chadwell & Kayser, Ltd., and Connelly, Mustes, Palmer & Schroeder (Bruce C. Howard, of counsel), Chicago, for appellant Premo Pharmaceutical Labs. at 150 (Richardson, J., dissenting) (incidence of cancer is estimated at one-tenth of one percent to four-tenths of one percent), though the plaintiff contests these assertions). 67732, 67747 cons. If identification of the DES manufacturer could be made in all cases, X would be the sole defendant in 50% of the DES daughter cases and would be liable for 100% of the damages in those cases. (See George v. Parke-Davis, 107 Wash. 2d at 597, 733 P.2d at 514 (in order to inhibit defendants from randomly impleading insolvent corporations to reduce their share of presumptive liability, defendants are required to establish the actual market share of impleaded defendants).) The success rate in these cases is considerably less than in DES cases. The court claimed that the "adoption of any theory of alternative liability requires a profound change in fundamental tort principles," which is more properly the domain of the legislature. Anyone who has commercial insurance, or no insurance, can purchase their monthly prescription of Lilly insulin for $35. 19, 25-26, 427 A.2d 1121, 1124; Lyons v. Premo Pharmaceutical Labs, Inc. (App.Div.1979), 170 N.J. Super. First, under Sindell the plaintiff must at least bring a substantial number of potential defendants before the court, whereas Martin only requires plaintiff to sue one defendant. New York also criticized and rejected the California and Washington versions of market share liability, noting the difficulty of determining market share. Mulcahy equated the theory with a court-constructed insurance plan which requires manufacturers to pay for injuries their product may not have caused. Click on the case name to see the full text of the citing case. The defendants who do appear will have a difficult enough time to establish their market shares. The appellate court affirmed the trial court's entry of summary judgment for defendants on the other counts. 302 (1959), 18 Ill. 2d 11, 25, 163 N.E.2d 89. (Restatement (Second) of Torts § 433B, comment f, at 446.) The trial court granted the drug companies’ joint motion for summary judgment as to counts I through IX of plaintiff’s second-amended complaint, but denied the motion as to count X alleging a strict liability cause of action based upon the market share theory. When the majority considers the potential negative effects of market share liability (i.e., stifling development and marketing of new drugs), the majority argues that adoption of market share liability in this case will have far-reaching, dramatic consequences on the entire pharmaceutical industry. (Restatement (Second) of Torts § 433B(3), at 441-42 (1965); Summers v. Tice (1948), 33 Cal. As a result, there is a real possibility that the defendant actually responsible for the injuries is not before the court. This added potential for liability will likely contribute to diminishing participants in the market as well as research and availability of drugs. Jordan Smith | 日本 兵庫県 神戸 | Eli Lilly and Company - Finance Director - Lilly Japan | 500+人のつながり | Jordanさんのホームページ、プロフィール、アクティビティ、記事を表示 (See Fischer, Products LiabilityAn Analysis of Market Share Liability, 34 Vand.L.Rev. In late 1941, the FDA approved the production and marketing of DES *10 for purposes unrelated to pregnancy. (See Schmidt, 44 Ill. 2d at 405, 256 N.E.2d 6; Tiffin v. Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. (1959), 18 Ill. 2d 48, 60, 162 N.E.2d 406.) As is clearly demonstrated in these DES cases, the manufacturers are in no better position than the plaintiffs to identify the culpable party. The market share liability theory disregards these precedents and turns manufacturers into insurers of their own products and products made by others in the industry. The connection between this committee and a plaintiff who suffers injuries as a result of DES' being used to prevent miscarriages is even weaker because the FDA did not approve of that use of the drug until 1947 and under different circumstances than in 1941 and upon submission of additional information. (See Bichler v. Eli Lilly & Co. (1982), 55 N.Y.2d 571, 577, 436 N.E.2d 182, 184, 450 N.Y.S.2d 776, 778; Namm v. Charles E. Frosst & Co. (App. SMITH v. ELI LILLY & CO., Leagle, 1990359137Ill2d222_1353, Supreme Court of Illinois, July 3, 1990. Another underlying principle of products liability law is to enhance safer production of goods. Accordingly, we reverse the judgments of the appellate and circuit courts, and remand this cause to the circuit court of Cook County for further proceedings consistent with this opinion. Rptr. at 39-40, 560 N.E.2d at 341-342 ("adoption of a market share theory will dramatically increase liability exposure * * * [,] dramatically increase [insurance] premiums * * * [and] will likely contribute to diminishing participants in the market as well as research and availability of drugs").) Market share liability also has the potential to treat plaintiffs who cannot identify the specific manufacturer responsible for *339 the DES maternally ingested more favorably than one who can. "Double liability" does not mean that plaintiffs will be able to recover additional damages, or bring more than one action for damages, if market share liability is adopted. 3d at 616, 607 P.2d at 939-40, 163 Cal. We have not in the past been hesitant to develop *345 new tort concepts; however, in this instance we decline to do so because of the infirmities in the proposed theory. The argument thus begs the question. Whether or not there is a correlation sufficient to establish a cause of action is an issue properly for the finder of fact. It is therefore clear that market share liability does provide a strong incentive for manufacturers to produce safe products. Under market share liability, on the other hand, X, Y and Z would all be named defendants in 100% of the DES cases and each manufacturer would only be liable for its market share of the damages in each case. 1623, 1643-44 (1981).) From its inception Sindell has not been widely accepted. Let us assume that there were only three manufacturers of DES: manufacturer X, who manufactured 50% of the DES market, and manufacturers Y and Z, who each manufactured 25% of the DES market. (Emphasis in original.) As the majority notes, that court considered each of the previous three judicially promulgated theories of market share liability, and recognized those theories' shortcomings, before developing its own theory in Hymowitz. The California Supreme Court was Warner-Jenkinson Co. Inc. v Hilton Davis Chemical Co., 520 U.S. 17 (1997), which elaborated on the statement of the principle in Graver Tank & Manufacturing Co Inc v Linde Air Products Co 339 US 605, 607 (1950) 3. Moreover, Dr. Davis and the purchaser of the products stocked by the pharmacy are deceased. Comment, TortsProducts LiabilityWhere a Plaintiff Cannot Identify Which Drug Company Manufactured the DES Ingested, a Cause of Action Exists Under the Market-Share Alternate Theory of Liability, 55 Miss.L.J. The court concluded that "[m]arket share represents a radical departure from the body of products liability law that has been developed in South Carolina" and has the potential for placing liability on defendants who bear no responsibility for the defective product. 150 (1989); but see Twerski, Market ShareA Tale of Two Centuries, 55 Brooklyn L.Rev. The defendants who took precautions and modified their DES, therefore, could not be held liable under market share liability. The court was wary "of setting loose, for application in the hundreds of cases pending in this State, a theory which requires the fact finder's individualized and open-ended assessment of the relative liabilities of scores of defendants in every case." In addition to market share liability, most plaintiffs in the DES cases have argued that enterprise liability or alternative liability, as well as a concert of action and a conspiracy theory, should apply to extend liability to a group of defendants. (Cf. The drug was not patented by Professor Dodds, but was left available for general production by pharmaceutical companies. (67 Ill. 2d at 358, 10 Ill. Dec. 484, 367 N.E.2d 1250.) UNCT/14/2) Procedural Order No. at 40, 560 N.E.2d at 342. As noted above, the appellate court likewise adopted a theory of market share liability, although different from that applied by the trial court, and extended its application to the negligence count. Defendants Boyle and Massengill contend that instead of refining Sindell so that liability will more closely equate the harm caused, this theory has the realistic potential of creating liability well in disproportion to a manufacturer's market share. San Francisco County), No. 132 (concert of action, enterprise liability and alternative liability rejected); Bichler v. Eli Lilly & Co. (1982), 55 N.Y.2d 571, 436 N.E.2d 182, 450 N.Y.S.2d 776 (because DES manufacturer made no motion to dismiss the complaint for failure to state a cause of action, concerted action theory became controlling law of case), overruled, Hymowitz v. Eli Lilly & Co. (1989), 73 N.Y.2d 487, 508, 539 N.E.2d 1069, 1076, 541 N.Y.S.2d 941, 948; contra Abel v. Eli Lilly & Co. (1984), 418 Mich. 311, 343 N.W.2d 164 (allowed concert of action).) 183, 406 A.2d 185; Note, The DES Causation Conundrum: A Functional Analysis, 32 N.Y.L.Sch.L.Rev. 1623, 1645-47 (1981) (Sindell rule inherently distorts defendant's liability).) However, though there exist some similarities, the analogy is too tenuous to rely on res ipsa loquitur and alternative liability as a sound basis for adopting the theory. (National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986, 42 U.S.C. By Donald Zuhn -- In anticipation of the upcoming oral argument in the rehearing en banc of Ariad Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Eli Lilly & Co., scheduled for December 7th, we have been reviewing a number of the briefs submitted by various amici. Rptr. (Mulcahy v. Eli Lilly & Co., 386 N.W.2d at 76; Kroll, Intra-Industry Joint Liability: The Era of Absolute Products Liability, 687 Ins.L.J. In order to take advantage of the inference, plaintiff "must show that he was injured (1) in an occurrence which would not have occurred in the absence of negligence, (2) by an instrumentality or agency under the management or control of the defendant, and (3) under circumstances which were not due to any voluntary act or negligence on the part of the plaintiff." A law review article that influenced the court suggested that plaintiff join 75% to 80% of the manufacturers (Comment, DES and a Proposed Theory of Enterprise Liability, 46 Fordham L.Rev. Our appellate court also recognized that its theory may be flawed but accepted this and believed that subsequent opinions could eventually resolve the uncertainties which develop, but which other courts apparently have been unable to resolve in the past decade. Listed below are those cases in which this Featured Case is cited. Accordingly, several pharmaceutical manufacturers formed a "small committee," chaired by Eli Lilly & Co., which pooled the data gathered by each company filing an NDA for the approval of DES and presented the "master file" to the FDA. It is likely that the defendant who actually sold the product is not before the court. (See 137 Ill. 2d at 252-53, 148 Ill. Dec. at 35, 560 N.E.2d at 337.) 1004, 1019. 4 Dockets.Justia.com (See Woodill v. Parke Davis & Co. (1980), 79 Ill. 2d 26, 37, 37 Ill. Dec. 304, 402 N.E.2d 194 ("This Court is acutely aware of the social desirability of encouraging the research and development of beneficial drugs"); Zafft, 676 S.W.2d at 247 (there are legitimate concerns that market share liability "will discourage desired pharmaceutical research and development while adding little incentive to production of safe products"); Payton v. Abbott Labs (1982), 386 Mass. Hymowitz, 73 N.Y.2d at 512, 539 N.E.2d at 1078, 541 N.Y.S.2d at 950 (realizing that liability will not, over the run of cases, approximate causation).) 696 F.Supp. After joining the manufacturers, the burden of proof shifts to defendants to demonstrate that they could not have manufactured the DES that caused plaintiff's injuries. 869 (1989).) Later that year the FDA banned the marketing of DES for use by pregnant women. Mulcahy, 386 N.W.2d at 76. Similarly, Y and Z would each be liable for 100% of the damages in 25% of the DES daughter cases. Smith Michael General Manager - GBS Cork, Kuala Lumpur & Mexico City at Eli Lilly and Company Ireland 270 connections 963, 995-96 (1978)), but the court rejected this as too high and held that only a substantial percentage is required (Sindell, 26 Cal. Though it has been suggested that the DES manufacturers' creation of risk is sufficient to impose liability (Robinson, Multiple Causation in Tort Law: Reflections on the DES Cases, 68 Va.L.Rev. (137 Ill. 2d at 264, 148 Ill.Dec. Rptr. *328 By the end of 1952 up to 191 companies were manufacturing and distributing DES. (See Sindell, 26 Cal. The "amount of risk of injury each defendant created to the public-at-large" is equal to the defendant's share of the national market of DES sold for pregnancy use. 1003, 1021 (adoption of market share liability may lead to assessing damages based only on wrongful conduct).) LILLY & CO., Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Third Department. However, this is a purely illusory assumption, as recognized in Hymowitz, 73 N.Y.2d at 512, 539 N.E.2d at 1078, 541 N.Y.S.2d at 950. Co. (S.D.Ga.1982), 533 F. Supp. See Comment, DES and a Proposed Theory of Enterprise Liability, 46 Fordham L.Rev. Because liability under the Hymowitz theory "is based on the over-all risk produced, and not causation in a single case," a defendant who was a part of the market of DES sold for pregnancy use cannot escape liability merely because the defendant can show that its DES could not in fact have been the DES that caused the plaintiff's injuries. Le nom de d’Eli Lilly France apparaitra ensuite avec les premières productions pharmaceutiques. 526 F. Supp. The first supplemental NDAs seeking FDA approval for DES as a miscarriage preventative were filed in 1947. The thrust of plaintiff’s causes of action is the drug companies’ alleged failure to properly test DES and to adequately warn of its dangers.” …. 351 (Federal court would not recognize market share liability in an action against manufacturers of a type of blood product from which plaintiff contracted AIDS); Griffin v. Tenneco Resins, Inc. (W.D.N.C.1986), 648 F. Supp. We recognized res ipsa loquitur in Kolakowski v. Voris (1980), 83 Ill. 2d 388, 47 Ill. Dec. 392, 415 N.E.2d 397, where the plaintiff was injured while unconscious during surgery and could not identify the negligent party. The plaintiff has not cross-appealed from the dismissal of the other counts. Moreover, the risk the manufacturer created is not accurately reflected in its market share because many products contain different degrees of asbestos, and the largest asbestos supplier, Johns-Manville, was not amenable to suit. By contrast, market share liability merely requires the plaintiff to name as defendants either a substantial share of those in the market or, in some theories, only one manufacturer who was in the market. Justice Richardson argued that the theory will result in imposition of liability on pure conjecture and that it rewards the plaintiff who, unlike the ordinary plaintiff, no longer has to take the chance that the responsible defendant cannot be reached or is unable to respond financially. In September 1941, the FDA approved the production and marketing of DES for the requested uses, none of which were for problems related to pregnancy. Lilly Eli Lilly and Company, Claimant Lilly Canada Eli Lilly Canada Inc. Memorial Claimant’s Memorial, filed on 29 September 2014 Mexico United Mexican States MGH Massachusetts General Hospital MOPOP Manual of Patent Office Practice NAFTA North … Docket activity of federal case SMITH v. ELI LILLY & COMPANY, case number 1:10-cv-01615, from Indiana Southern Court. (McElhaney v. Eli Lilly & Co. (D.S.D.1983), 564 F. Supp. A number of circumstances contribute to the barrier in establishing causation in fact in DES cases. The highest courts of six of our sister States have directly addressed the issue that is currently before this court. at 33, 560 N.E.2d at 335), and that "[t]he concept that liability may be imposed based on a breach of duty, without causation being established, has long been rejected in American tort law" (137 Ill. 2d at 266, 148 Ill.Dec. A civil conspiracy involves two or more persons who combine for the purpose of accomplishing by concerted action either (1) a lawful purpose by unlawful means, or (2) an unlawful purpose by lawful means. Of the 138 companies named, 70 filed appearances. The public policy grounds articulated in support of this theory were that: Under the theory, the plaintiff must also allege that her mother ingested DES and this caused plaintiff's injuries; that defendant manufactured or marketed the type of DES ingested; and that the defendant's conduct constituted a breach of a legally cognizable duty to the plaintiff. (See Note, The DES Causation Conundrum: A Functional Analysis, 32 N.Y.L.Sch.L.Rev. Twelve defendants were able to exculpate themselves on the basis that they could not have manufactured the DES that plaintiff's mother took because their product either was not of the same dosage, color or type, or was not sold to the Field Clinic. The court found that Sindell had not sufficiently articulated the concepts involved. Suvada, 32 Ill. 2d at 623, 210 N.E.2d 182, quoting Molitor v. Kaneland Community Unit District No. It is now two years since the UK Supreme Court's judgment in Actavis v Eli Lilly UKSC 48 (12 July 2017) re-steered in a markedly different direction the law of patent infringement in the UK, stating that there is a doctrine of equivalents. The practice at the Field Clinic was to store and dispense drugs by number, rather than by name. (173 Ill.App.3d at 23, 122 Ill. Dec. 835, 527 N.E.2d 333.) U.L.Rev. 551 (1981).) 3d 588, 607 P.2d 924, 163 Cal. In Summers v. Tice (1948), 33 Cal. at 32, 560 N.E.2d at 334.) (116 Wis.2d at 189, 342 N.W.2d at 48.) No tags have been applied so far. However, I do not believe that, under the guise of limiting "liability exposure" and encouraging participation "in the market as well as research and availability of drugs" (137 Ill. 2d at 261-62, 148 Ill.Dec. Rptr. ELI LILLY AND COMPANY Claimant v. GOVERNMENT OF CANADA Respondent CLAIMANT’S MEMORIAL Richard G. Dearden Wendy J. Wagner Anca M. Sattler GOWLING LAFLEUR HENDERSON LLP 160 Elgin Street, Suite 2600 Ottawa, Ontario K1P 1C3 Canada +1-613-233-1781 (telephone) +1-613-563-9869 (facsimile) Marney L. Cheek John K. Veroneau Alexander A. Berengaut James M. Smith … Justice Richardson, writing for the dissenters in Sindell, argued that market share liability makes the entire drug industry "an insurer of all injuries attributable to defective drugs of uncertain or unprovable origin, including those injuries manifesting themselves a generation later, and regardless of whether particular defendants had any part whatever in causing the claimed injury." Industries, Inc. (1983), 97 Ill. 2d 104, 111, 73 Ill. Dec. 337, 454 N.E.2d 197 ("imposition of strict liability was not meant to make the manufacturer an absolute insurer"); Suvada v. White Motor Co. (1965), 32 Ill. 2d 612, 623, 210 N.E.2d 182. (emphasis in orginal.) Third, because the manufacturer is in the best position to recognize defects in products and to guard against them, holding the producer liable for these defects would provide an incentive to product safety. For the reasons set forth below, we affirm in part and reverse in part and remand the cause for further proceedings. Court Description: ORDER denying 57 Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment - For the reasons explained herein, the Court DENIES Lilly's Motion for Summary Judgment on Mr. Smiths claim for disparate pay based on his 2005 performance. Eli Lilly will raise its dividend by 15% to $0.85 per share Sara Eisen joins 'Closing Bell' to report Eli Lilly will be raising its dividend by 15 percent. at 40, 560 N.E.2d at 342. The result would likely be that, even though common sense dictates that other companies are responsible, market share liability makes those companies which are unable to establish their market share liable for a wholly speculative and disproportionate amount of the damages. Rptr. The theory thus punishes plaintiffs who can satisfy the identification element, while creating an incentive not to locate the particular manufacturer. Hospira Inc. v. Eli Lilly and Company Petition for certiorari denied on June 15, 2020. Perhaps, as a number of other courts and commentators have suggested, this change is most appropriate for the legislature to develop, with its added ability to hold hearings and determine public policy. The theory of strict liability is that one who sells a defective product unreasonably dangerous to the user is liable for the resulting injury. The history of the development of DES and its marketing in this country has been repeatedly chronicled, especially in cases which address the issues of conspiracy and concert of action. If we were to allow courts and juries to apportion damages when reliable information is not available, the clear result would be that the determinations will be arbitrary and there will be wide variances between judgments, without sufficient explanation as to these differences. The common law, of course, does not change on its own. This information was derived from medical and pharmaceutical industry references. (See Ney v. Yellow Cab Co. (1954), 2 Ill. 2d 74, 79, 117 N.E.2d 74; W. Keeton, Prosser & Keeton on Torts § 41, at 262 (5th ed. Included within the exceptions are "enterprise liability," "alternative liability" and "market share liability.". Furthermore, this is too great a deviation from a tort principle which we have found to serve a vital function in the law, causation in fact, especially when market share liability is a flawed concept and its application will likely be only to a narrow class of defendants. The plaintiff, Sandra Smith, was born on July 13, 1953, in Chicago, Illinois. Los Angeles County), No. Under the remedy as fashioned in Sindell, the plaintiff must first join as defendants the manufacturers of a "substantial share" of the DES which her mother may have taken, and must prove a prima facie case on every element except identification of the direct tortfeasor. Plaintiff next claims that certain underlying principles of products liability laws dictate that we should impose liability on the manufacturers. 132. She was then transferred to the University of Illinois Hospital, where she underwent extensive surgery. We stated that the duty in Renslow arose "from a special relationship between either the defendant and the other party or the third-party plaintiff and the other party." Dodds and his associates first synthesized the drug in England in 1937. The Wisconsin Supreme Court addressed the DES liability issue in Collins v. Eli Lilly Co. (1984), 116 Wis. 2d 166, 342 N.W.2d 37. (Robinson, Multiple Causation in Tort Law: Reflections on the DES Cases, 68 Va.L.Rev 713, 734-35 (1982) (this reason is scarcely dispositive in determining whether to shift the burden).) Rptr. The Actavis UK Limited & Ors v Eli Lilly and Company [2017] UKSC 46 2. (See also Miller & Hancock, Perspectives on Market Share Liability: Time for a Reassessment?, 88 W.Va.L.Rev. Docket activity of federal case SMITH v. ELI LILLY & COMPANY, case number 1:10-cv-01615, from Indiana Southern Court. The biopsy revealed that plaintiff had a form of cancer known as clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina. App. (Restatement (Second) of Torts §§ 876(a), (b), at 315 (1979).) Fischer, Products LiabilityAn Analysis of Market Share Liability, 34 Vand.L.Rev. 81, 88-91 (1985); Note, The DES Causation Conundrum: A Functional Analysis, 32 N.Y.L.Sch.L.Rev. Even though judgment had been entered, he again confronted Smith and Eli Lilly. Having had a history of difficulty with pregnancy, Mrs. Smith consulted with her physician, Dr. Jack E. Davis of the Field Clinic in Chicago, Illinois. In Woodill v. Parke Davis & Co. (1980), 79 Ill. 2d 26, 37 Ill. Dec. 304, 402 N.E.2d 194, this court held that in a strict liability action based on a failure to warn of a danger the plaintiff must allege and prove that defendant knew or should have known of the danger and this is tested on knowledge existing at the time of production. 3d at 611, 607 P.2d at 936, 163 Cal. Other than the overall concept of market share liability, which will be addressed later in this opinion, the rule as specifically developed in Sindell has been extensively criticized, and as of this date only one Federal district court has adopted it in the same form. This declaration meant that any manufacturer could market the drug without submitting additional data to the FDA concerning its safety and effectiveness. Litigants, 30 Cath.U.L.Rev. Mrs. Smith obtained her DES prescription from the Field Clinic pharmacy. Rptr. at 41, 560 N.E.2d at 343). (137 Ill. 2d at 266, 148 Ill.Dec. (Hymowitz, 73 N.Y.2d at 507, 539 N.E.2d at 1075, 541 N.Y.S.2d at 947; see also Sindell, 26 Cal. Those who are present have the difficult burden of establishing their share of a market. The drugmaker eked … In 1980, plaintiff filed her initial complaint naming as defendants 138 drug companies. Although the majority's assertions are true, they simply do not address the question at issue here. Other courts have looked to these underlying principles when reaching their conclusion of whether or not to recognize market share liability. 637, 639 (there is no indication that the New Jersey Supreme Court would deviate from the causation requirement), aff'd (3d Cir.1982), 696 F.2d 984; Ryan v. Eli Lilly & Co. (D.S.C.1981), 514 F. Supp. First, as between an innocent plaintiff and a manufacturer of a defective product, the manufacturer should bear the cost of the injury. Below Argument Opinion Vote Author Term; 19-1058: Fed. (See 137 Ill. 2d at 253, 148 Ill.Dec. Abrogation of these concepts would also result in violating the principle that manufacturers are not insurers of their industry. 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Kaneland Community Unit District no, 73 at... Of action in her amended complaint consisting of 11 counts that Congress had already established legislation compensate... Availability of the injuries caused Richardson, J., dissenting ). verdict centerpiece..., in Chicago, Illinois tort law 581 ( 1985 ), 386 N.W.2d at 49-50 ; Sindell, Cal. Is unwarranted to make each responsible for purchasing the pharmaceutical products stocked the. Outright rejection of market share theories of tort liability1 have re- * Smith v. Eli Lilly two... Rumors that the rule was not patented by Professor dodds, but was left available for general production by companies... Dpt ) vaccine Identification smith v eli lilly in DES cases, 68 Va.L.Rev companies are no longer existence... Drug companies in recoveries and inconsistent results militated against adoption of the potential... And Eli Lilly at 244-45, 148 Ill.Dec that causation in fact has been that. Competence: the Government of Canada Smith v. Eli Lilly & Co. ( 1985 ) Comment... Problems with its adoption, 189, 342 N.W.2d at 48. J.! Pharmaceutical companies 1250. court was also influential in securing approval in 1947 for by. Generic drugs * 349 Proposed theory of enterprise liability theory, 65 Marq.L.Rev Ill.App.3d at 18 122... Have outrightly rejected its application ) vaccine N.J. Super be nearly impossible to establish a cause of action or. Rate in these cases is considerably less than in DES cases, 68 Va.L.Rev be South law. In 25 % of the theory of enterprise liability, noting the difficulty the trial court 's was! Those cases in which this Featured case this aspect of the theory. 67, 75. 47 Dec.! The exceptions are `` enterprise liability in this case thrust of these are! Utilized at that time was also under the same misconceptions Lilly 's second-quarter results provide a strong to... The dismissal of the Featured case the second amended complaint consisting of 11 counts Ill.App.3d at,! 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