Nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent (Martin, 2011). Styrofoam is commonly used as food container in fast food restaurants. Over the years, various refinements were added to the papermaking techniques. The Feasiblity of Cogon VI. IV. (14) b. Repellency of shoes from water Paper made from wood came into full swing in 1839 when a German named Keller invented... ...Batangas “quintessay.com.” The Feasibility Of Cogon Grass Imperata . Its invention is credited to a Chinese artisan by the name of Tsai-Lun. A year after the Stamp Act of 1765 was passed, wire papermaking molds were first made, and paper-making in this country finally got its "official" start. Cogon Grass can be used as a replacement fuel for this type of generator. 2010-2011 an Economical and BIBLIOGRAPHY ABSTRACT The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. 1). fast foods However, trees still need to be cut for paper production. Chapter 1 Introduction Background of the Study To produce paper, it is necessary to cut down trees. [3] In the 19th century, industrial manufacture greatly lowered its cost, enabling mass exchange of information and contributing to significant cultural shifts. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a material in paper making Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature Conceptual Literature On Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica) Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica ), family Poaceae, is an invasive, rhizomatous, aggressive and perennial grass that has become one of the most serious invasive species. Nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent (Martin, 2011). The Feasibility Of Cogon Grass Imperata . You can build your own biogas generator. DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLGY The threat on forest woods and environmental sustainability has led to an aggressive research into the suitability of several agricultural waste materials for pulp and paper production. Cogon Grass just as Giant King Grass is renewable. It can also be made into a thicker stronger structure which is made into cartons and boxes that provide mechanical protection for many foods. CONCLUSIONS A comparison of cogon grass’s chemical properties with various non-wood plants reveals that this material is an effective alternative resource in producing pulp and paper sheets mainly due to its low lignin, hot water and 1% NaOH solubilities and acceptable content of hollocellulose. Topics: Oregano ... Cogon grass was treated to come up with a product which can be used as a pesticide. Rights-of-way managers loathe cogongrass for its unsightly growth habit, difficulty in mowing, and displacement of more manageable species. In the eleventh century, the Moors brought the craft to Europe through Spain. To lessen this environmental problem, one logical solution is to use biodegradable materials or recyclable ones. It gives mechanical protection. a. Shininess of the shoes There is a possibility of producing paper out of Cogon grass. However, in the eighth century, Arab invaders were able to learn of the technique from Chinese prisoners. It is stated earlier that Cogon grass is considered as a weed. 28 COGON GRASS A. N. Van Loan, 1 J. R. Meeker, and M. C. Minno2 1Florida Division of Forestry, Forest Health Section, Gainesville, Florida, USA 2Eco-Cognizant, Inc., Gainesville, Florida, USA PEST STATUS OF WEED Cogon grass, Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv., has been ranked as one of the ten worst weeds of the world (Holm et al., 1977) (Fig. But, many studies were conducted that non-woody plants especially grasses have the potential to be materials in making paper. chocolate and sugar confectionery Adviser this research project. READ MORE. Make… Cogon Grass Paper! The pulp was then subjected to five different treatments before it was made into a card board like material. Versatile such as rigid, semi rigid and flexible material. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY Horticultural varieties of cogongrass continue to be sold under the name Japanese bloodgrass or Red Baron grass, although illegal in the state of Alabama. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. Dry food products – cereals, biscuits, bread and baked products, tea, coffee, sugar, flour, dry food mixes etc. The study was done with the aim of producing a pesticide from cogon grass. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. Add 4 cups of cogon grass pulp to 1 cup of paper bag pulp and mix them in a blender with enough water to amalgamate the two ingredients. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica, (L.) P. Fresh produce – fruit, vegetables, meat and fish. Non-biodegradable waste is a major concern everywhere in the world. • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. At about the same time, returning Crusaders introduced papermaking to Italy. Food Packaging Table of Contents III. A Science Investigatory Project VII. A. To produce paper, it is necessary to cut down trees. III. Cogon Grass Cardboard Food Packaging get the pulp. ©2020 Designed by Xec Studio. In tropical and subtropi- V. CONCLUSION If this study becomes successful, then it will be a good news to all the people because they can make money out of this weed. Conclusion 13 https://www.quintessay.com/essay/view/1475566.html. Because it cannot be recycled, this particular waste contributes largely to the world’s increasing garbage problem. Cogon Grass Pesticide Infestations of this perennial grass from Asia forms exclusive colonies, displacing native vegetation with the exception of mature trees (5). Chapter 1 ...discussing, the researchers came up with the possibility of Oregano leaves (Oreganum vulgare) extracted as an alternative shoe polish. The bulk of the world’s waste consists of the hard-to-breakdown products, such as styrofoam. Bryan Frero John B. Hernandez “quintessay.com”. liquid foods and beverages – juice drinks, milk and milk derived products Using Oregano leaves (Oreganum vulgare), the researchers would like to increase the production of shoe polish at lesser cost and with the same quality as the commercial one and making it useful as well as affordable to everyone. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making 4362 Words | 18 Pages. ANGELINE C. PAGKALIWANGAN In 1844, Canadian inventor Charles Fenerty and German F.G. Keller independently developed processes for pulping wood fibers. This spells trouble for the already depleted forests. Research Plan 3 So for now, I will appreciate every piece of paper that I can get my hands on, and hope that it won't simply become a page, er, file in history. Anyone who’s ever visited a pulp mill can attest to the unpleasant smells, and moreover, turning wood into paper releases harmful chemicals like dioxin (Striepe, 2011). Although the first American paper mill was built around 1690 in Germantown, Pennsylvania, most of the paper used in the U.S. was still imported from Europe until the American Revolution. D. Scopes and Limitations 7 Not heat sealable. The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. Paper In the study, the methods in the production of pesticide were given emphasis. Biogas generator from biomass. The feasibility of cogon grass Acknowledgement 14 The objective of this study is to determine the suitability of cogon grass as an alternative fibre for pulp and paper making by analysing its chemical and surface morphological properties. With the increasing use of the Internet and talks of a "paperless society," perhaps paper will someday become a thing of the past. Dead not Alive: There was now a need for an alternative source of abundant and cheap cellulose fiber. Cogongrass control costs were calculated as the average amount spent per acre by a respondent for the control of cogongrass. C. Significance of the Study 6 Grass is chopped, boiled, beaten, and pulped. Average costs for control of cogongrass were $127.62, $115.24, $133.64, $76.25, and $81.56 for Northeast Florida, Northwest Florida, Central Florida, South … To produce paper, it is necessary to cut down trees. Oregano contains high amounts of two essential oils that are useful in processing leather hides. B. According to history books, the earliest paper used in books produced in the United States was handmade and imported from Europe, mainly England. • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making 4362 Words | 18 Pages wood-derived paper, and is far better for the environment. Introduction 5 o Procedure ABSTRACT: For those who wish who want to produce their own electricity to be self-sustainable or to supplement electrical consumption, there is a solution. Types of papers used for packaging foods... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes.   The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. Paper made of grasses requires much less processing than wood-derived paper, and is far better for the environment. Nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent (Martin, 2011). The demand for pulp likewise grew but the sources of rags diminished. Treatment A served as the control and contained 12% water and 7.5% starch. The amount of resin and other additives was kept constant while the amount of starch was varied in every treatment. Nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in … Statement of the Problem 6 CONTENTPAGE The oldest known archaeological fragments of the immediate precursor to modern paper date to 2nd century... ... Paper as food packaging material The Feasibility Of Cogon Grass Imperata . The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. Part of my love of books comes from feeling the paper and hearing the rustle of the pages as they are turned. Cogon Grass as Heat Insulator ...Cogon Grass as Thermal Insulator In: Science Cogon Grass as Thermal Insulator COGON GRASS AS THERMAL INSULATING MATERIAL KRISELLE ANNE A. GERPACIO A Thesis Outline Submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Computing, University of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan, Cotabato in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the … Paper is a quite versatile material, utilized in flexible, semi-rigid, and rigid packaging. The pulp was then... nvestigatory Projects Example   Tests conducted by the researchers were also incorporated in this paper, to test the effectiveness of the product. Cogon grass, Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv., has been ranked as one of the ten worst weeds of the world (Holm et al., 1977) (Fig. SCOPE AND DELIMITATION It is made into a wide variety of single- and multi-wall bags. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Chapter 1 Introduction Background of the Study To produce paper, it is necessary to cut down trees. As you pick up your next Gazette, start living the Gazette life along with me as we meet new neighbors and travel new adventure. Environment-Friendly Treatment A served as the control and contained 12% water and 7.5% starch. Then, the cogon grass will be washed again and again so that the fibers will be washed and drained properly. DATA & RESULTS Proponents: ABSTRACT The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making. The cogon grass Disadvantages of paper: Beauv., hereafter cogongrass), is a non-native, perennial C4 grass found in the southeastern US from Texas to Florida and as far north as Virginia (Fig. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making 4362 Words | 18 Pages. In the early 1800's, manufacturing paper became mechanized thanks to a machine invented by the Fourdrinier brothers. Known to many as japgrass, cogongrass was accidentally introduced into Alabama near Grand Bay about 1911 as seed in packing materials from Japan (4). It is a very strong competitor for water, nutrients and light b... quintessay.com. Abstract 3 Shoe polish is a product used to shine, polish, and protect leather footwear. Then, the cogon grass will be washed again and again so that the fibers will be washed and drained properly. The objective of this study is to determine the suitability of cogon grass as an alternative fibre for pulp and paper making by analysing its chemical and surface morphological properties. N.p.. TABLE OF CONTENTS In the future world of this movie, all books had been confiscated from homes and libraries and were converted into electronic files. Whilst the most common is for writing and printing upon, it is also widely used as a packaging material, in many cleaning products, in a number of industrial and construction processes, and even as a food ingredient – particularly in Asian cultures. Negligible resistance to water vapor, gas and aromas. Step 6 Place a paper-making screen over a container to allow excess water to collect below. RECOMMENDATION/SUGGESTIONS A. Paper  is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibers, typically cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets. The rhizomes tunnel beneath the ground and easily pierce through cardboard, mulch, plastic, etc. E. Review of related Literature 7 IV-Einstein I look forward to a wave and a smile, and maybe just maybe I’ll be fortunate enough to share your story. than wood-derived paper, and is far better for the environment. Substitute for Cardboard Nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent (Martin, 2011). History Bibliography 13 Cogon grass was treated to come up with a product which can be used as a pesticide. Grass (Imperata cylindrica) as ANALYSIS OF DATA Anyone who’s ever visited a pulp mill can attest to the unpleasant smells, and moreover, turning wood into paper releases harmful chemicals like dioxin (Striepe, 2011). The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. However, when life gives you lemons… you know what they say. Uses can be found in packaging all the main categories of food such as: 1). T H E This research study was conducted to prove that Oregano leaves extract can also be an alternative shoe polish and to know its difference from other commercial shoe polish product in terms of: Because of this, the researchers thought of an alternative.... ... INTRODUCTION Treatment … Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) forms a dense mat and produces plenty of leaves that make it nearly impossible for other plants to coexist. The holocellulose, cellulose, lignin, 1% NaOH solubility, hot water solubility and ash contents were … Made from renewable resources. In addition, cogongrass is a fire adapted species, meaning that it thrives where fire is a regular occurrence (1,4). Paper, and the pulp papermaking process, was said to be developed in China during the early 2nd century AD, possibly as early as the year 105 A.D., by the Han court eunuch Cai Lun, although the earliest archaeological fragments of paper derive from the 2nd century BC in China. The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. Recyclable and biodegradable. His method was simple. Rosana Joy T. De Roxas Recommendation 13 B. Treatment/General Procedure 4 Also at this time, there was an increased demand in printed matter. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) has become a major problem for landowners, land managers, foresters, and governmental agencies since its introduction into Alabama. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. (Imperata cylindrica) as substitute for This study is made to prove that there are many simple yet practical ways to make Statistical tools were used in analyzing the data for more accurate... ...------------------------------------------------- feasibility study of laundry shop. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. It provides a partial or complete barrier to light. Advantages of paper: Background of the Study S.Y. The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. D. Significance of the Study. Paper is being reconsidered and encouraged for use. Thanks to those rhizomes, new tufts of grass will also pop up as far as 15′ from a previous clump of grass. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. A. was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to Pour the blender contents onto the paper-making screen. Paper spread from China through the Middle East to medieval Europe in the 13th century, where the first water-powered paper mills were built. Treatment C, with 5% water and 7.5% starch showed to be the best treatment. CHAPTER II ...WANTED This papermaking process was kept secret in China for several centuries. I N The books could still be read, but not held. Wildfire in cogongrass can kill mature and seedling trees and native plants, furthering its domination. Given this, the present study makes an inquest into the paper frozen foods, chilled foods and ice cream REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES Purposeful introductions soon followed in other areas of Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida, with the primary intent for forage production (1,4). Subscribe to LIVING ASIA CHANNEL's YouTube channel and watch more eye-catching videos of all the best ASIA has to offer. Paper is believed to have originated in China sometime around A.D. 105. Introduction He then drained the resultant mixture through a form of a sieve. It can invade and overtake disturbed ecosystems by displacing a large variety of native plant species. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making 4362 Words | 18 Pages. Agriculture residues or non-wood annual plants are good potential fibre resource for pulp and paper making. This material can be recycled over and over again. The pulp was then subjected to five different treatments before it was made into a card board like material. C O O P E R AT I O N W I T H Koronadal city is also known as a ”MARBEL”, a third class City in Philippines and Capital town of South Cotabato and Regional center of Region Xll, the word Koronadal has been derived from two B’laan words-“Koron or Kolon” meaning cogon Results and Discussion 8 2020. It has good absorbent property. 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