Answer: Cucumber is a tool that is based on Behavior Driven Development (BDD) methodology. BDD/ATDD is becoming widely accepted practice in agile software development, and Cucumber-JVM is a mainstream tool used to implement this practice in Java. Examples of Interview Questions and Answers Using STAR . Easy to integrate with other tools such as Selenium. A Scenario Outline is run once for each row in the Examples section beneath it (except for the first header row). Q #28) Should any code be written within the TestRunner class? We wish you all success in your interview! The main use of Cucumber lies in its simplicity to understand and usage of feature files by non-technical users. Q #24) What is the name of the plugin that is used to integrate Eclipse with Cucumber? Answer: Following is an example of a feature file for the scenario ‘Login into the application’: Feature: Login to the application under test. In this post, we will see Cucumber BDD(Behaviour Driven Development) Interview Questions with Answers. Then validate if the user login is successful. dryRun – boolean value – check for missing step definition, tags – used to group cucumber scenarios in the feature file, strict – boolean value – fail the execution if there is a missing step, monochrome – boolean value – display console output in a readable way, Dependency Injection (Example: Pico Container), Jbehave are based on stories while Cucumber is based on features. Even though Selenium supports … Behavior Driven Development(BDD) In very simple terms, BDD or Behavior-Driven Development is a technique where your specifications or test cases are written in plain English like sentences. Cucumber-JVM is based on Cucumber framework… Generally we have feature files containing scenarios in BDD for which we write step definitions. Trigger?​ ​Then an error message “Please enter a numerical value” appears This further blurs the lines of precondition and trigger, which actually voids the purpose of a clearly defi… Cucumber itself is written in Ruby, but it can be used to “test” code written in Ruby or other languages including but not limited to Java, C# and Python. Behavior-driven development (BDD) is a software development methodology in which an application is specified and designed by describing how its behavior should appear to an outside observer. The user should not be able to login with correct username and incorrect password. Ans: Examples keyword is used to specify values for each parameter used in the scenario. 6. Summary. 3. The number of parameter values to be included in the feature file is based on the tester’s choice. What is meant by a feature file? 2. BDD lets you define specifications and accept tests in manageable units It encourages the production of working features as soon as possible It gives you the ability to target test runs on specific functional areas 1 Behavior Driven Development expands on Specification by Example. 8. Users can specify and run text-based user stories, which allows “out-in” development. Please enter your username or email address. It is generally used by non-technical people such as Business Analysts, Functional Testers, etc. It is a simple English representation of the application behavior. Behavior Driven Development (BDD) technical job interview questions of various companies and by job positions. Answer: Glue property is used to let the Cucumber framework identify the location of step definition files. It is developed to make practices such as test-driven development(TDD) and Acceptance-driven design(ATD) which are an expansion of Behaviour-driven development(BDD), more accessible for the newcomers as well as experts.It also supports creating custom data types. The next question provides a sample representation of how the TestRunner class will look like. In both development approaches, tests are written ahead of the code, but in BDD, tests are more user-focused and based on the system’s behavior. One of the core ideas behind BDD is that no single person has the full answer to the problem. When a user clicks on the Browse button. The tests in BDD are written in a human-readable format and understandable which are easier to implement. Then verify that the file upload is successful. Q #17) Provide an example of a step definition file in Cucumber. Answer: A step definition file in Cucumber is used to segregate the feature files from the underlying code. A cucumber is a tool that is based on Behavior Driven Development (BDD) methodology. 2. A cucumber is a tool based on Behavior Driven Development (BDD) framework which is used to write acceptance tests for the web application. It allows the automation of functional validation in an easily readable and understandable format to Business Analysts, Developers, Testers, etc. Answer: A feature file must provide a high-level description of an … Although Cucumber and Jbehave are meant for the same purpose, acceptance tests are completely different frameworks. Answer: Background keyword is used to group multiple given statements into a single group. Q #15) What is the purpose of Examples keyword in Cucumber? Q #30) What is the use of glue property under the Cucumber Options tag? BDD framework i.e. Q #29) What is the use of features property under the Cucumber Options tag? When the user clicks on the Login button. It lets us define application behavior in plain meaningful English text using a simple grammar defined by a language called Gherkin. When the user enters the username onto the UserName field. 1. Q #31) What is the maximum number of steps that are to be written within a scenario? Answer: Cucumber tool is generally used in real-time to write acceptance tests for an application. The most basic regular expression consists of a single literal character. Steps which are written under the Background keyword are executed before every scenario. A visual representation (on paper or board) would help a lot to both, you & the interviewer. A feature file has the extension .feature. Hybrid Testing Framework; Behavior Driven Development Framework; Detailed Post on Types of Automation Frameworks. Cucumber tool is based on the Behavior Driven Development framework that acts as the bridge between the following people: Software Engineer and Business Analyst. 3. 7. What is the difference between BDD and TDD? Automation test cases developed using the Cucumber tool are easier to maintain and understand as well. Step definition maps the test case steps in the feature files(introduced by Given/When/Then) to code which executes and checks the outcomes from the system under test. Answer: BDD is a methodology to understand the functionality of an application in the simple plain text representation. Background: Given the user is on the application login page. A TestRunner class is generally an empty class with no class definition. Behavior centered development … Cucumber Hooks are blocks of code that can be used to run before and after the scenarios using @before and @after methods. 3. Answer: A feature file can contain a maximum of 10 scenarios, but the number can vary from project to project and from one organization to another. a feature where a single file contains a single feature. Plain Text representation makes it easier for non-technical users to understand the scenarios. What is a test framework? Q #27) What is the starting point of execution for feature files? Language: In our Selenium Project we are using Java language. Behavior Driven Development is a software development approach that allows the tester/business analyst to create test cases in simple text language (English). Development becomes more intuitive, and test cases can be written in simple grammar using a language appropriately named Gherkin. Answer: Scenario outline is a way of parameterization of scenarios. Answer: When integrated with Selenium, the starting point of execution must be from the TestRunner class. What are the different scenarios in the Cucumber tool? A) JBehave is a framework for Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD). Q #12) What is the limit for the maximum number of scenarios that can be included in the feature file? It bridges the communication gap between various project stakeholders such as Business Analysts, Developers, and Quality Assurance personnel. BDD is a methodology to understand the functionality of an application in the simple plain text representation. 1- You can use Selenium for the functional, regression, and … 103+ Behavior Driven Development (BDD) interview questions and answers for freshers and experienced. Give an example of a behavior is driven test in plain text? While feature files are written in an easily understandable language like, Gherkin, Step Definition files are written in programming languages such as Java, .Net, Ruby, etc. The main aim of the Behavior Driven Development framework is to make various project roles such as Business Analysts, Quality Assurance, Developers, Support Teams understand the application without diving deep into the technical aspects. 1. Answer: Cucumber can be integrated with the Selenium Webdriver by downloading the necessary JAR files. It is purely a java … Manual Tester and Automation Tester. Cucumber tags are used to organize scenarios in your feature file. It is used to execute scenarios multiple times using a different set of test data. Bash Shell Scripting in a Linux operating system, It is a Behavior centred development process, BDD tests are written in a readable format using Given-When-Then steps, TDD tests are written using programming languages like Ruby, JAVA etc, BDD tests are readable by non-programmers, TDD tests are difficult to read by non-programmers, This uses Example keyword to define the test data for the Scenario, No keyword is used to define the test data, This works only for the single step, below which it is defined, Cucumber automatically run the complete test   the number of times equal to the number of data in the Test Set, A separate code needs to understand the test data and then it can be run single or multiple times but again just for the single step, not for the complete test. Scenario: Copying and pasting scenarios to use different values can quickly become tedious and repetitive: Scenario Outlines:  allow us to more concisely express these examples through the use of a template with placeholders. In a test automation project, we do perform different tasks by using different types of files. Gherkin language is used to express scenario in feature files and ruby files containing unobtrusive automation testing for the steps in scenarios. Features of JBehave include: Pure Java implementation, which plays well with Java-based enterprises or when interfacing to any environment that exposes a Java API. Our main focus is on Selenium Integration with cucumber-bdd and to cover all popular questions which can be asked during an Interview. Easy to integrate with other tools such as. Answer: Cucumber tool provides support for multiple programming languages such as Java, .Net, Ruby etc. … Obviously you can integrate a BDD framework like Cucumber with Rest Assured and achieve BDD pattern which we discussed above. @CucumberOptions are used to set specific properties for your cucumber test. Q #4) What are the various keywords that are used in Cucumber for writing a scenario? It should include the tags @RunWith and @CucumberOptions. What are the features in Cucumber? Why Framework? Answer: The advantages of Behavior Driven Development are best realized when non-technical users such as Business Analysts use BDD to draft requirements and provide the same to the developers for implementation. For example: If you want to execute the same steps for every scenario like login to the website, you just write those common steps under the background keyword. Scenario outline is a way of parameterization of scenarios. Each step of the feature file can be mapped to a corresponding method on the Step Definition file. Q #14) What symbol is used for parameterization in Cucumber? Q #26) Provide an example of the TestRunner class in Cucumber. Q #10) Provide an example of a Scenario Outline using the Cucumber framework. Just explain the structure of test automation framework that you use in the project. But it is generally advisable to limit the number of scenarios included in the feature file. The feature file format will be like file_name. Keyword Driven Framework:-When only the instructions and operations are written in a different file like an Excel worksheet, it is called Keyword Driven framework. Chapter 1 : End 2 End Selenium Test The first step in the journey of Selenium Cucumber Framework is to decide one End 2 End Scenario to automate and start building up framework components on top of that.In this article, we’ll show you how to get the various parts and pieces, plus write and run one End 2 End test of our Demo Application. This tool helps in eliminating the gap between different technical and non-technical members of the team. If we follow the incorrect example: Given the value entered in the Number text box is not numerical When the Form is submitted Then an error message “Please enter a numerical value” appear Given the User is logged in ← Condition And the value in the Number text box changes ← Trigger When the value in it is not numerical ← Condition? And user clicks on the enter button. Answer: Cucumber Options tag is used to provide a link between the feature files and step definition files. Q #11) What is the purpose of the Behaviour Driven Development (BDD) methodology in the real world? Behaviour-driven development, or BDD, is another agile software development process that encourages collaboration in a software project between developers, QA, project managers and the business team. Answer: Gherkin is the language that is used by the Cucumber tool. Cucumber-JVM is based on Cucumber framework, widely used in Ruby on Rails world as well as in Java and .Net. A feature file in Cucumber is a starting point of the Cucumber tests execution. It also formalizes the Test-Driven Development best practices, in particular, the perspective of working from the outside-in. What is BDD Framework.what is the benefit of BDD in selenium ? It enables developers, QA, project managers to understand the application without diving deep into the technical aspects. Q #6) What programming language is used by Cucumber? Introduction to Cucumber with most frequently asked Cucumber Interview questions: Cucumber is a tool that is based on Behavior Driven Development (BDD) framework. Open the Chrome browser and launch the application. 5. Step definitions file has the actual code implementation of the Scenario or Scenario Outline step. This is not the BDD style supported in REST assured. Feature: Visit XYZ page in abc.com. BDD. It can also be integrated with multiple tools such as Selenium, Capybara, etc. Q #21) Provide an example of Background keyword in Cucumber. Mention the type of automation framework you work on – keyword-driven, data-driven, hybrid framework or is it based on a BDD Model. The simple language used in the scenarios helps even non-technical team members to understand what is going on in the software project. All articles are copyrighted and can not be reproduced without permission. Scenario: Login to the application. Behaviour-driven development is a highly collaborative process. With this approach, the non-technical team members find it easy to understand the flow and collaborate more in the process of software development. About us | Contact us | Advertise | Testing Services Property Files: Details such as browser type URL could be placed in property files and also specify … What type of tests Selenium can run? The BDD tests are non-programming and easier to write. Scenario Outline keyword must always be followed by the keyword Examples. REST Assured allows you to write tests in BDD pattern. JBehave is a software-based in java language for Behaviour Driven Development (BDD). Cucumber is a tool that supports Executable specifications, Test automation, and Living documentation. A regular expression is a pattern describing a certain amount of text. Given below are the list of JAR files that are to be downloaded for using Cucumber with Selenium web driver: Q #20) When is Cucumber used in real-time? What language is used by Cucumber? It is used to bridge the communication gap between various project stakeholders. BDD lets us develop, test and think about the code from the view of the business owner. Describe the situation, and explain how you handled it. 29. A test harness for Cucumber and RSpec allows for separating responsibility between setting up the context and interacting with the browser and cleaning up the step definition files. Using Cucumber-JVM and Selenium WebDriver in Java for BDD. To work in BDD, prior experience of TDD is required. Q #7) What is the purpose of the Step Definition file in Cucumber? Example Question 1: Tell me about a time you had to complete a task within a tight deadline. It helps us eliminates the redundant code steps that we write for every scenario and also manages our code workflow. The Scenario Outline steps provide a template which is never directly run. BDD is incompatible with the waterfall approach. Q #23) Explain the purpose of keywords that are used for writing a scenario in Cucumber. The primary advantage of Cucumber is its support of Behaviour Driven Development approach in testing. Answer: Given below are the advantages of the Cucumber Gherkin framework that make Cucumber an ideal choice for rapidly evolving Agile methodology in today’s corporate world. Answer: Pipe symbol (|) is used to specify one or more parameter values in a feature file. Answer: TestRunner class is used to provide the link between the feature file and the step definition file. Answer: No code should be written under the TestRunner class. Q #16) What is the file extension for a feature file? Gherkin language uses several keywords to describe the behavior of applications such as Feature, Scenario, Scenario Outline, Given, When, Then, etc. Answer: Mentioned below are the keywords that are used for writing a scenario: Q #5) What is the purpose of a Scenario Outline in Cucumber? A feature file is ideally written in a notepad file and is saved with the extension feature. Behavior Driven Development (BDD) is a branch of Test Driven Development (TDD). And user enters onto the upload textbox. Cucumber is a testing framework which supports Behavior Driven Development (BDD). 4. Lost your password? Q #9) Provide an example of a feature file using the Cucumber framework. This tutorial covers the most common Cucumber interview questions along with their answers and examples when demanded in simple terms for your easy understanding. Answer: Step definition corresponding to the step “Open Chrome browser and launch the application” may look like the code mentioned below: Q #18) What is the purpose of the Cucumber Options tag? A feature file may include multiple scenarios within the same file. What are the apparent advantages of a test framework? BDD is becoming widely accepted practice in agile software development, and Cucumber-JVM is a mainstream tool used to implement this practice in Java. A feature file in Cucumber is a starting point of the Cucumber … Answer: The following is an example of a Scenario Outline keyword for the scenario ‘Upload a file’. To organize and manage all the files and to finish all the tasks in a systematic approach we use a framework. Recommended Reading: Automation testing with Cucumber and Selenium. Example: @regression, @sanity, @EndtoEnd. A Feature file is the High-level description of the Application Under Test. Cucumber Interview Question. What is Cucumber and explain it? BDD is a Behaviour Driven Development approach of software development process where Cucumber works in BDD way of approach. Talking in examples requires not only more than one person to have that conversation, but requires different perspectives and experiences in order to be efficient. 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