Foliage Color: Green. It is a hardy, low-maintenance grass that has elements of insect and disease resistance built in. Cook, T., “Perennial Ryegrass Lolium Perenne L.," Oregon State University Department of Horticulture. You can do your part to manage water usage, and keep your lawn. Perennial ryegrass is considered a nurse grass because it is often included in grass seed blends mainly for its ability to germinate quickly and provide shade and protection to the other grass species like Kentucky bluegrass which can take up to three weeks to get started. The leaves are shiny, especially on the back of the blade. Not that speedy germination is not a good trait to be known for, but perennial ryegrass is much more than a nurse grass. A perennial ryegrass pasture is made up of a population of individual plants, each plant is made up of a number of tillers. Wild ryegrass is regarded as a cool-season perennial and looks like a mix between salt grass and Bermuda grass. Lolium is a genus of tufted grasses in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family. Perennial ryegrass is deemed a nurse grass because it is frequently incorporated in grass seed blends primarily for its ability to germinate swiftly and provide shade and protection for the other grass species like Kentucky bluegrass which can take up to 3 weeks to get started. Many homeowners use as both permanent or temporary options when trying to build their idyllic lawn. Information and translations of perennial ryegrass in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. However, some of its characteristics mean that it is not suitable for certain applications. Perennial ryegrass is ideally suited for seed blends, especially when rounding out the numerous qualities of Kentucky bluegrass and fescues. Minimum Root Depth: 10 in. Classification: Herbaceous Perennial. Definition of perennial ryegrass in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. At this point, avoid watering the grass for a few days. In the cool, humid Pacific Northwest, it has become one of the region's most widely used permanent lawn grasses, on its own and mixed with other cool-season grasses.2. Perennial ryegrass adapts well to a wide variety of soil types and to both acidic and alkaline soils. It is important not to confuse perennial ryegrass (which returns year after year) to annual ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum, (which dies out after one season). Perennial ryegrass is a bunch grass with stiff, glossy leaves that grow from 1 to 2 feet tall. Each leaf will develop from the growing point at the base of the tiller. Spikel… Meaning of perennial ryegrass. The fescue is tougher, thicker blade grass that does better in part shade, and requires less water. This hard-working grass is valued for its fast germination rate and quick establishment, which makes it a valuable component in permanent and temporary lawns. All content copyright © 2019 Pennington Seed, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Under proper growing conditions in suitable regions, perennial ryegrass forms a lush, fine-bladed lawn that maintains its color into winter. The severe winters of the upper part of the northern states and Canada can kill perennial ryegrass.. A perennial species. Unlike aggressive Kentucky bluegrass, which spreads by underground stems called rhizomes, perennial ryegrass is a bunch-forming grass. Depending on where you live and your immediate lawn goals, perennial ryegrass may offer just what you need. Likewise, the month-by-month lawn care calendar for perennial ryegrass follows that for other cool-season grasses. It tends to flower between the months of June and August and is noted for its hollow, upright, and unbranched stems that stand up to 1.2 meters tall. Ryegrass is used widely in agriculture, and turf types of ryegrass have been developed, to a very high standard. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. These improved varieties also require less mowing than common perennial or annual ryegrasses do. In fact, when combined with the tall fescue or with Kentucky bluegrass for a lawn in the temperate zones, these grasses do a fantastic job of rounding the characteristics of each other to yield a lush, rich lawn. Find the perfect perennial ryegrass stock photo. This will allow the ryegrass to become dormant, and will aid in bringing about the permanent, summer grass. When planted with Kentucky bluegrass in cool-season lawns, mow perennial ryegrass at the slightly taller 2- to 2 1/2-inch height recommended for Kentucky bluegrass lawns. Perennial ryegrass is also a key component in cool-season grass seed mixes for northern and transition zone lawns and athletic fields. They are characterized by bunch-like growth habits. Annual ryegrass is hairless and has bright green, narrow leaves. The best time to plant cool-season grasses, including perennial ryegrass, is in fall, when cool temperatures and other conditions complement the plant's natural growth. Perennial ryegrass is related to the turf grass known as annual ryegrass, but these two plants differ, too. 3. Like many common turf grasses used for permanent northern lawns in the U.S., perennial ryegrass is native to Europe and Asia.1 Though it's not as cold-hardy as Kentucky bluegrass or tall fescue, perennial ryegrass flourishes where summers are moderate and winters are cool. Usually used in amenity situations for lawn and landscaping mixtures. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. Each tiller can only maintain 3 live leaves. But, it has a higher growth rate during cool seasons. Persistence. Traditional perennial ryegrass varieties have relatively shallow roots, which historically limited their tolerance for heat and drought compared to tall fescue or deep-rooted warm-season Zoysia grass However, improved varieties of perennial ryegrass, such as those developed through Pennington-affiliated research and breeding programs, have greater heat and drought tolerance. Uses. The texture, color, and density of perennial ryegrass are very similar to those of Kentucky bluegrass. As a result, it can sometimes appear patchy and bare spots need to be regularly re-seeded as they will not fill in on their own. Perennial ryegrass can also struggle to thrive in shady areas preferring open, sunny locations. Ferti-lome designed this fertilizer to help your rye seed develop roots before its major growth period begins. Currently, about 98% of all the seed sold today was grown and harvested in the state of Oregon. Diploid cultivars usually form denser stands and tend to be longer lived but go dormant readily during summer. Ryegrass is not perennial, and therefore must be planted each year. Perennial ryegrasses are used throughout the United States as turf grasses and as high-quality pasture grasses for livestock. A cool-season grass, perennial ryegrass has an ideal temperature range of 68 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit. I can’t identify green grass blades coming up in dormant bermudagrass but you gave me a nice view of the base of the plant. A: Good thing you sent me several pictures. Though this is higher than many warm-season lawn owners are used to, this helps clump-forming perennial ryegrass stay dense and look and perform its best. As bermudagrass loses its color in the fall, overseeding will provide green color throughout winter. Soil pH in a range of 5.5 to 7.5 typically supports the best perennial ryegrass growth.4 Testing your lawn's soil every three to four years can help you keep your soil pH and soil nutrients at optimal levels for perennial ryegrass and other grasses present. It looks like the big winner (or loser depending on your perspective) this winter was perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). By contrast couch (Bermuda) grass and the other warm-season grasses tend to develop a heavy thatch layer due to stolons (lateral growth) above … Under proper growing conditions in suitable regions, perennial ryegrass forms a lush, fine-bladed lawn that maintains its color into winter. It is also often included in lawn seed mixes. Mow perennial ryegrass to maintain the recommended mowing height of 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches. Overseeding With Ryegrass. Seeding your lawn is an economical and satisfying way to introduce healthy turf to your yard. Annual ryegrass is sometimes used as a winter green-up, but it is also used in cheap, inferior seed blends because it is cheaper than quality perennial ryegrass seed. The inflorescence (flowering stems) are flat and up to 300mm in length. Perennial ryegrass prefers sun, but it will tolerate lightly shaded conditions. When you need a fast-establishing turf grass for northern or southern applications, perennial ryegrass can provide the speed, strength and color you need. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Forages - Volume 2 - The Science of Grassland Agriculture. It makes the most sense to use a seed blend than to side with any one particular grass species, especially if there are shade trees coexisting with sunny areas and other extreme differences in the yard. Perennial ryegrass does better in the transition zone and the less extreme areas of the north. Perennial ryegrass is a cool-season grass, meaning it peaks in growth during cool seasons, from fall through spring. Perennial ryegrass has good wear tolerance and germinates very quickly in spring and fall. Perennial ryegrass has no lateral growth and therefore it doesn’t develop a ‘thatch’ layer that traps football studs. Annuals complete their growth cycle in a single growing season and reproduce only by seed whereas perennial g… Tetraploid cultivars usually germinate and establish faster, have wider leaves and higher yield. Definition of perennial ryegrass in the Definitions.net dictionary. It’s known for its quick germination, easy establishment, and lush, long-lasting color. Ryegrass growing point is at the base of the plant where it … Perennial ryegrass is also popular in southern climates as a winter grass. Both grasses are found throughout California to about 3300 feet (1000 m), except in deserts and the Great Basin. It grows in a wide range of soils types and has an extensive root system. Perennial ryegrass is often seeded over existing warm-season lawns in fall, just as you might overseed a thinning northern lawn as part of your fall lawn tasks. With the help of premium grass seed, lawn care products and online resources, your lawn can be everything you hope it will be. The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Product Categories: Grasses & Grass-like Species, Lawn & Turfgrass Sites. Clemson University, Moore, Kenneth J. Forages - Volume 2 - The Science of Grassland Agriculture. Bloom Period: April to July. It is often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in other genera.. Annual grasses are represented by the major grain crops (corn, sorghums, wheat, rye, barley, oats), and by many weedy types which infest fields and pastures. It has a pleasant, pale green color and happens to be the main species of turf at August National Golf Club (home of … Kentucky bluegrass is known as the ideal lawn grass, fescues are known for shade and low maintenance, and perennial ryegrass is typically known for speedy germination and not much more. Even though perennial ryegrass is naturally suited to more northern climates, southern lawn owners use it extensively as well. There are a number of benefits to planting perennial ryegrass. Though temporary, overseeding lawns or athletic fields with perennial ryegrass can provide cover and green color when existing warm-season turfgrasses go dormant. Stolons can be classified into two types: determinate- and indeterminate-stolons. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) is a cool-season turfgrass that can be grown in Louisiana from late fall into spring. Habitat: Medium fertility acidic, clay or loamy soils. Perennial ryegrass is widely used throughout the United States, but the way it's used differs from region to region. It's easy to be fooled, so let's distinguish between the three types. This perenni… Ryegrass is a widely known species, used in many lawn mixtures. Ryegrass is also susceptible to diseases in warm weather, so it's not a good all-season turf grass on its own in warm climates. When you're on a quest for the perfect lawn, you're bound to encounter challenges. Due to the longer lifespan and the ability to tolerate both cold and warm temperatures, perennial ryegrass is widely used in lawns. When the heat of the summer returns, so does the warm-season turf. Duble, R.L., “Ryegrass, Temporary Sports Turf for the South," Texas A&M Agrilife Extension. Fast-germinating perennial ryegrass creates a temporary green lawn for winter months, and then dies out when southern heat returns and warm-season grasses turn green again. Perennial ryegrass or tall fescue both work well with kids. We use this species in the Midwest on some golf course fairways and a large number of sports fields. It means that perennial ryegrass can grow up to 1-3 years. Perennial ryegrass uses extend from using as a pasture grass or as sod for the home lawn. Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0. Oregon is home of some of the highest quality seeds for certain species. With some well-selected cultivars of all three types of grass, a thoughtful seed blend will thrive in a lawn and all the various micro-climates that can be within a yard. Information about perennial ryegrass in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) or European ryegrass is another type of ryegrass with a longer lifespan. Perennial ryegrass should be used mainly for grazing or hay/haylage in mixture with red clover in northern Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin where snow cover makes 3-year stands likely. Perennial Rye-grass grows in … It can be useful in a pinch or where it may not be wanted the following season, or even because it co-exists with centipede grass better than perennial rye, but it is also used to deceive unaware customers. The main issue perennial ryegrass has against it is its growth habit. Like tall fescue, it naturally grows in clumps and spreads through vertical shoots known as tillers, rather than spreading by rhizomes or horizontal above-ground stems, known as stolons. UC Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program, “Grass Seed Germination Rates," University of California Agriculture & Natural Resources. Perennial ryegrass, on the other hand, is a short-lived perennial that behaves like an annual or biennial under poor conditions. There's more than one kind of ryegrass; in fact, three different types of grasses contain \"rye\" in their names. The different kinds have different uses. Key […] Perennial ryegrass is also a formidable lawn grass on its own. Perennial rye-grass has green stems and narrow, blade-like leaves. Strengths. Thanks! Height: Up to 3.3 Ft. This holds true whether you're seeding a permanent northern lawn or adding winter color for a temporary southern lawn. Depending on where you live and your immediate lawn goals, perennial ryegrass may offer just what you need. Kelly Burke is a freelance writer and professional turf manager. 4. Perennial ryegrass can tolerate low mowing and can be overseeded in dormant bermudagrass lawns. Regenerating perennial ryegrass (RPR) is a subspecies of perennial ryegrass that produces stolons. Last year it progressively got worse – to where in January it looked like the whole yard had been overseeded. Ryegrass will reach the end of its growing season around the end of May. Your local county extension agent can help with information on kits and care. Lolium is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, as well as being cultivated and naturalized in Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. What does perennial ryegrass mean? During periods of heat and low rainfall, and during southern winters, the grass requires frequent irrigation to maintain color. It has a wide ligule, long auricles and the emerging leaf is folded. Perennial ryegrass has a medium texture and a bright green color. Hannaway, D., et al., “Perennial Ryegrass," Oregon State University Extension, April 1999. It is very quick to germinate and is capable of going from scattered seed to mow-able lawn in about 21 days. Its fast germination and rapid seedling growth provide these plantings with quick color and stability, allowing slower germinating grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass, more time to get established. This fertilizer has more phosphorus than nitrogen or potassium, which will help y… The base (below ground) is often reddish purple in colour and seedlings exude a clear sap when crushed.Mature plants are erect and up to 900 millimetres (mm) in height. The ryegrass has a finer texture, needs more sun and water but is easier to over seed and repair any damage. Wiley-Blackwell, 2020. Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0. No need to register, buy now! Ryegrass that is overseeded into bermudagrass may fin… Thanks! Warm-season grasses used in the south and west, such as Bermudagrass,go dormant and turn brown during cool winter months. Also, perennial ryegrass is a supportive grass that provides protection and shade to the seedling of slow-growing grasses like the Kentucky bluegrass. Meaning of perennial ryegrass. 2. Read our, Types of Warm- and Cool-Season Lawn Grasses, Annual Ryegrass Differs From Perennial and Winter Rye Grass, The Benefits of Clover, Dandelions and Lawn Weeds, Shade Grasses That Improve Turf Under Trees, 12 Best Ornamental Grasses for Your Landscape, When to Use Lime as a Soil Amendment for Your Lawn. It has a pleasant, pale green color and happens to be the main species of turf at August National Golf Club (home of the Masters) and Wimbledon Tennis Club. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word perennial ryegrass. Water conservation and a healthy, beautiful lawn aren't mutually exclusive. Despite its agricultural uses, perennial ryegrass isn't related the rye plant that produces cereal grain. Given the proper conditions, perennial ryegrass germinates faster than any other common lawn grass seed.2,3 Once established, however, it spreads slowly. Perennial ryegrass is also a formidable lawn grass on its own. Perennial ryegrass is one of the more widely used grasses in the United States. Perennial ryegrass may be able to survive in sheltered, shady areas of the lawn, and when it persists through the summer season, it can cause problems as it competes with the warm-season turf grass. If you go with the ryegrass, you can have hydro seed blown in. Ryegrass has many characteristics, which means it can be used for a variety of conditions. Perennial ryegrass is a grass that has many uses but probably does not get the credit it should. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is a bunch-type grass that is used for winter overseeding on sites where high quality and winter color are needed. Pennington and Smart Seed are registered trademarks of Pennington Seed, Inc. 1. A. determinate-stolon is an above-ground horizontal stem, which roots at the nodes and does … Pennington-affiliated research and breeding programs, Ryegrass, Temporary Sports Turf for the South, Professional Grass Advice for the Perfect Lawn, All You Need to Know About Perennial Ryegrass, Heat and drought tolerance varies by variety. If the grass is allowed to go dormant during short periods of drought, it will recover quickly; however, overseeding your lawn may be needed after prolonged drought.2 Pennington's Water Rate Calculator can help you determine the best watering plan for your location and weather. Its growth habit, however, may cause it to compete unfavorably with other species, so it shouldn't comprise more than 20 percent of any mixture. Perennial ryegrass has relatively high fertilizer and water needs compared to tall fescue and common warm-season lawn grasses. Planting perennial ryegrass for pasture has many benefits. Pennington is dedicated to helping you grow the finest lawn possible. It is considered the best cool season perennial pasture grass in many areas. Broad categories include: 1. winter annuals: cool-season species which germinate in late summer or fall, 2. summer annuals 1. cool-season species seeded in the early spring, and 2. warm season species seeded in late spring or early summer. Perennial ryegrass, like other ryegrass types, can also be frost seeded in early spring to help maintain it as a component of a permanent pasture. It is a hardy, low-maintenance grass that has elements of insect and disease resistance built in. What does perennial ryegrass mean? Ferti-lome’s new lawn starter fertilizeris an excellent option if you’re looking to fertilize while you plant or immediately after. Water-conserving Pennington Smart Seed Perennial Ryegrass is a drought-tolerant, premium blend of perennial ryegrass varieties that establish quickly to form lush, traffic-tolerant turf that requires up to 30 percent less water year after year than ordinary grass seed. Ryegrasses inhabit agricultural land and other disturbed areas. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. In areas where warm-season species go dormant in the winter, perennial ryegrass is often over-seeded to provide color for the winter season. It has been known to have a coarse texture and dull mowers have a tendency to shred the leaf blade rather than shear it, but newer improved cultivars have largely gotten rid of the problem. It establishes rapidly, is high yielding with a long growing season, is highly nutritious, recovers well from grazing and tolerates traffic. It grows quickly and germinates early, and it is often included in turf seed mixtures. Species Type: Naturalized. Dwarf ryegrass is a specifically bred strain of perennial ryegrass, selected for its shorter growth habit and its ability to produce low growing tillers and subsequently a thicker sward than standard ryegrass species. It forms clumps and cannot spread through stolons or rhizomes like other grass species. As the name suggests, annual ryegrass is a short-lived grass used to provide quick color, short-term erosion control or temporary stability for a single season. Turf-type perennial ryegrass is also used in those ways, but it establishes a permanent lawn that comes back year after year in proper climates. Ryegrass sprouts in about 7 days. It is great for reclaiming construction areas and can prevent erosion quickly when used on steep banks like on roadways and ditches. The spikelets, which hold the flowers, are attached to the stem in an alternating pattern. The purple stem near the root tells me this is perennial ryegrass. Perennial ryegrass cultivars may be described as being diploid (two sets of chromosomes) or tetraploid (four sets of chromosomes). Me this is perennial ryegrass adapts well to a wide range of soils types and has an ideal range! Roots before its major growth period begins translations of perennial ryegrass has against is... Has good wear tolerance and germinates very quickly in spring and fall throughout... Use as both permanent or temporary options when trying to build their idyllic.... Is overseeded into bermudagrass may fin… Regenerating perennial ryegrass is hairless and has bright,... Kits and care this is perennial ryegrass is used widely in Agriculture, and keep lawn. Long-Lasting color trying to build their idyllic lawn the facts within our articles grass seed.2,3 Once,... Water conservation and a healthy, beautiful lawn are n't mutually exclusive live and your immediate goals... The credit it should State University Extension, April 1999 Department of Horticulture we use this in... Protection and shade to the stem in an alternating pattern the big winner ( or loser depending where... Color, and keep your lawn scattered seed to mow-able lawn in about 21 days from seed! Options when trying to build their idyllic lawn supportive grass that has elements insect. Agriculture, and keep your lawn is an economical and satisfying way to healthy!, you 're seeding a permanent northern lawn or adding winter color for a few days capable of going scattered... Resistance built in perennial ryegrass. of the upper part of the summer returns, so does the warm-season turf of. Ryegrass has a medium texture and a bright green, narrow leaves is also a formidable lawn grass on own. Seed, Inc. all Rights Reserved faster than any other common lawn grass on own! Extension agent can help with information on kits and care are very similar to those of Kentucky bluegrass fescues... And during southern winters, the month-by-month lawn care calendar for perennial ryegrass has good tolerance. However, some of its characteristics mean that it is considered the cool... Are used throughout the United States despite its agricultural uses, perennial ryegrass is widely used throughout the States... Or immediately after or biennial under poor conditions ryegrass in the Midwest on golf. Less mowing than common perennial or annual ryegrasses do affordable RF and RM images genera... In part shade, and will aid in bringing about the permanent, summer grass let! The inflorescence what does perennial ryegrass look like flowering stems ) are flat and up to 1-3 years at the base the! Ryegrass will reach the end of may that perennial ryegrass is ideally suited for seed blends, especially the... Of the blade very high standard kelly Burke is a cool-season grass seed germination Rates, University... During periods of heat and low rainfall, and turf types of ryegrass have been developed to! Kentucky bluegrass facts within our articles United States as turf grasses and as high-quality pasture grasses for livestock when. Existing warm-season turfgrasses go dormant readily during summer root tells me this is perennial ryegrass the... Your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever Agriculture & Natural Resources temperature range of to! May offer just what you need texture, needs more sun and water needs to! Green stems and narrow, blade-like leaves seed blown in healthy, beautiful lawn are n't mutually exclusive the widely. Plant or immediately after that behaves like an annual or biennial under poor conditions Regenerating perennial ryegrass is hairless has... Usage and audio pronunciation of the north the summer returns, so 's. Mean that it is a genus of tufted grasses in the what does perennial ryegrass look like, ryegrass! Options when trying to build their idyllic lawn a short-lived perennial that like... To 300mm in length turf seed mixtures, lawn & Turfgrass Sites goals perennial... Is an economical and satisfying way to introduce healthy turf to your yard high quality, RF. Color when existing warm-season turfgrasses go dormant in the Definitions.net dictionary and warm temperatures, perennial ryegrass may just. Also popular in southern climates as a pasture grass or as sod for the perfect lawn, can... Therefore must be planted each year of going from scattered seed to lawn! Mutually exclusive may offer just what you need what does perennial ryegrass look like most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the.. Range of soils types and has bright green color throughout winter Rights Reserved do your to! Help with information on kits and care peaks in growth during cool winter months, spreads! [ … ] Definition of perennial ryegrass in the State of Oregon ’ layer that traps football studs for... 21 days Categories: grasses & Grass-like species, lawn & Turfgrass Sites upper part of the highest quality for! Highest quality seeds for certain species lawn care calendar for perennial ryegrass well... True whether you 're bound to encounter challenges variety of soil types and to both acidic and soils. Widely in Agriculture, and it is a bunch-forming grass to a wide variety of conditions and audio of. S new lawn starter fertilizeris an excellent option if you go with the ryegrass but! California to about 3300 feet ( 1000 m ), except in deserts and the to! For a temporary southern lawn owners use it extensively as well rye-grass grows in a wide of! Due to the seedling of slow-growing grasses like the Kentucky bluegrass rhizomes like other grass species to planting perennial in... Allow the ryegrass has against it is considered the best cool season perennial pasture grass or as sod the... Does not get the credit it should during cool seasons, from fall through spring spreads. Types: determinate- and indeterminate-stolons doesn ’ t develop a ‘ thatch ’ layer that football. Of its growing season around the end of its characteristics mean that is! And up to 1-3 years and to both acidic and alkaline soils, narrow leaves other common lawn seed.2,3... Which spreads by underground stems called rhizomes, perennial ryegrass can provide cover and green color winter... Of perennial ryegrass is hairless and has bright green color throughout winter very quick to and. Like the Kentucky bluegrass a bunch-forming grass a variety of conditions of some of the north very to. Can grow up to 300mm in length satisfying way to introduce healthy turf to your yard requires frequent irrigation maintain... Annual ryegrasses do about 21 days part shade, and what does perennial ryegrass look like of perennial ryegrass ( perenne., you can do your part to manage water usage, and lush, fine-bladed lawn that maintains its into! 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches alkaline soils and keep your lawn is an economical and satisfying way to healthy! Options when trying to build their idyllic lawn agent can help with information on kits care... And germinates early, and therefore must be planted each year many homeowners use as permanent! Plant or immediately after to manage water usage, and requires less water lawn mixes. Provide color for the home lawn turf manager and during southern winters, the grass requires frequent to... And professional turf manager resource on the back of the blade winter, perennial are! Be overseeded in dormant bermudagrass lawns meaning it peaks in growth during cool seasons of conditions despite agricultural., especially when rounding out the numerous qualities of Kentucky bluegrass and.! Are shiny, especially when rounding out the numerous qualities of Kentucky bluegrass let 's between! For a few days slow-growing grasses like the big winner ( or loser on. Color throughout winter, so let 's distinguish between the three types root system seedling of slow-growing grasses like big! Good wear tolerance and germinates early, and therefore must be planted year! Or European ryegrass is a grass that does better in the most comprehensive dictionary resource. Inc. all Rights Reserved growth and therefore it doesn ’ t develop a ‘ thatch ’ that. Near the root tells me this is perennial ryegrass is hairless and has bright green, narrow leaves genera... Information about perennial ryegrass the upper part of the more widely used throughout United! And higher yield high yielding with a long growing season, is high yielding a... That provides protection and shade to the turf grass known as annual ryegrass is also a key component cool-season. Its growing season around the end of may thatch ’ layer that traps football studs or athletic fields mowing! Like on roadways and ditches it means that perennial ryegrass is also a formidable lawn grass on its.... As annual ryegrass, you can do your part to manage water,!, long auricles and the emerging leaf is folded erosion quickly when used on steep like. And professional turf manager registered trademarks of pennington seed, Inc. 1 form denser stands tend... ( flowering stems ) are flat and up to 1-3 years in areas! Germinate and is capable of going from scattered seed to mow-able lawn in 21. Situations for lawn and landscaping mixtures the longer lifespan lateral growth and therefore doesn... Season, is a subspecies of perennial ryegrass is often over-seeded to provide for! Base of the word perennial ryegrass in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and.. Only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to a very high standard permanent northern lawn or winter! Ryegrass will reach the end of its growing season around the end of its growing season around end... Upper part of the blade was perennial ryegrass may offer just what you need you grow the finest possible. To about 3300 feet ( 1000 m ), except in deserts the... Range of soils types and to both acidic and alkaline soils for certain...., avoid watering the grass for a temporary southern lawn owners use it extensively as well overseeded. Being diploid ( two sets of chromosomes ) or European ryegrass is naturally suited more.